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      Stability assessment of hypromellose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) NF for application in hot melt extrusion (HME).

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          Abstract

          HPMCAS is a widely used polymer in the pharmaceutical industry as an excipient. In this work, the physicochemical stability of HPMCAS was investigated for hot melt extrusion (HME) application. The reduction in zero rate viscosity (η0) of the polymer with the increase in temperature was determined using rheological evaluation prior to HME processing. The energy of activation for AS-MF determined by fitting Arrhenius model to the temperature dependent reduction in η0 was found to be slightly lower than that for the other grades of HPMCAS. Glassy yellowish HMEs were obtained using Haake Mini-Lab MicroCompounder operated at 160, 180, and 200°C and 100, 200, and 300 rpm for all the grades at each temperature. Various physicochemical properties of HPMCAS such as glass transition temperature, semi-crystalline nature, solid state functional group properties, moisture content, and solution viscosity were not significantly affected by the HME processing. The most significant change was the release of acetic and succinic acid with the increase in HME temperature and speed. The free acid content release due to HME was directly proportional to the speed at lower operating temperatures. AS-LF was found to be the most stable with the lowest increase in total free acid content even at higher HME temperature and speed. Although the dissolution time was not affected due to HME for AS-LF and AS-MF grades, it was notably increased for AS-HF, perhaps due to significant reduction of succinoyl content. In conclusion, the HME processing conditions for solid dispersions of HPMCAS should be based on the acceptance levels of free acid for the drug and the drug product.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Carbohydr Polym
          Carbohydrate polymers
          Elsevier BV
          1879-1344
          0144-8617
          Jan 30 2014
          : 101
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Rhode Island, 7 Greenhouse Road, Kingston, RI, USA. Electronic address: ashish14sarode@gmail.com.
          Article
          S0144-8617(13)00909-0
          10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.09.017
          24299759

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