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      A conceptual design of circular adaptive façade module for reuse

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          Abstract

          Climate change has an impact on the ecosystem, and subsequently, it affects the built environment. Building envelope has a vital role in controlling the integration between indoor and outdoor environmental quality. The responsivity of the façade has proven its efficiency in optimizing the global energy performance of buildings. Adaptive façades are multifunctional reconciling envelope dynamic systems that improve sustainability with the purpose of utilizing environmental parameters. This paper tackles the research gap in integrating façades circularity, adaptive envelopes, and design for disassembly. The research investigates the merge between biodegradability, circularity of adaptive façades components, and interior space micro-climate control for energy efficiency. This paper presents a proof of concept for a circular adaptive façade during two phases in its life cycle: operation and reuse phases. A scientific quantitative method took place which is based on a hybrid method; computational simulation, smart control, and an up-scale model. Adaptability is investigated through the façade life cycle from design to disassembly instead of demolition and consequent waste production, by exploiting sustainable materials. As a result, an empirical prototype is constructed. The prototype provides 3 levels of adaptability across the design, operation, and disassembly for reuse. Subsequently, this work proposes an up-scale physical model that can help in mitigating the climate change effects.

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          Identification of parameters for embodied energy measurement: A literature review

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            4D pine scale: biomimetic 4D printed autonomous scale and flap structures capable of multi-phase movement

            We developed biomimetic hygro-responsive composite polymer scales inspired by the reversible shape-changes of Bhutan pine ( Pinus wallichiana ) cone seed scales. The synthetic kinematic response is made possible through novel four-dimensional (4D) printing techniques with anisotropic material use, namely copolymers with embedded cellulose fibrils and ABS polymer. Multi-phase motion like the subsequent transversal and longitudinal bending deformation during desiccation of a natural pinecone scale can be structurally programmed into such printed hygromorphs. Both the natural concept generator (Bhutan pinecone scale) and the biomimetic technical structure (4D printed scale) were comparatively investigated as to their displacement and strain over time via three-dimensional digital image correlation methods. Our bioinspired prototypes can be the basis for tailored autonomous and self-sufficient flap and scale structures performing complex consecutive motions for technical applications, e.g. in architecture and soft robotics. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Bioinspired materials and surfaces for green science and technology (part 3)’.
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              Energy systems for climate change mitigation: A systematic review

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                EsraaAhmedIsmailMetwally@eng.asu.edu.eg
                Journal
                Sci Rep
                Sci Rep
                Scientific Reports
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2045-2322
                23 November 2023
                23 November 2023
                2023
                : 13
                : 20552
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, ( https://ror.org/00cb9w016) 1 El Sarayat St., Abbasseya, El Weili, Cairo, 11517 Egypt
                [2 ]Mechatronics Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, ( https://ror.org/00cb9w016) Cairo, Egypt
                [3 ]Production Design and Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, ( https://ror.org/00cb9w016) Cairo, Egypt
                Article
                47593
                10.1038/s41598-023-47593-9
                10667253
                37996556
                64a8ba75-ee16-455a-9f45-e84e12027f02
                © The Author(s) 2023

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                History
                : 14 October 2023
                : 15 November 2023
                Funding
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002352, Ain Shams University;
                Funded by: Ain Shams University
                Categories
                Article
                Custom metadata
                © Springer Nature Limited 2023

                Uncategorized
                climate sciences,energy science and technology,engineering
                Uncategorized
                climate sciences, energy science and technology, engineering

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