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      Activation of Rho-dependent transcription termination by NusG. Dependence on terminator location and acceleration of RNA release.

      The Journal of Biological Chemistry

      Bacterial Proteins, metabolism, Escherichia coli Proteins, GTP-Binding Proteins, Kinetics, Lac Operon, Peptide Elongation Factors, RNA, Terminator Regions, Genetic, Transcription Factors

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          Abstract

          There is a kinetic limitation to Rho function at the first intragenic terminator in the lacZ gene (tiZ1) which can be overcome by NusG: Rho can terminate transcription with slowly moving, but not rapidly moving, RNA polymerase unless NusG is also present. Here we report further studies with two other Rho-dependent terminators that are not kinetically limited (tiZ2 and lambda tR1) which show that the requirement for NusG depends on the properties of the terminator and its location in the transcription unit. NusG is also shown to increase the rate of Rho-mediated dissociation of transcription complexes arrested at a specific termination stop point in the tiZ1 region and the rates of dissociation with three different Rho factors and two different terminators correlated with their sensitivity to RNA polymerase elongation kinetics. These results suggest a model of NusG function which involves an alteration in the susceptibility of the transcription complex to Rho action which allows termination to occur within the short kinetic window when RNA polymerase is traversing the termination region.

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          9988775

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