Kiyomi Arai and her team are working to create an intervention programme designed to prevent progression to a serious stage of gambling addiction. They believe the most effective and long-term intervention may be to raise awareness to the consequences of gambling to those who still find gambling fun. In Japan, the age in which one experiences pachinko or pachislot for the first time is very young. Considering the current status where the tendency to seek telephone consultation much later in life, Arai believes it will be effective to come up with ways for people to reflect on their relationship with the gambling machines, self-check if they may have a problem, and promote any available support. Arai is hoping to target people who have recently prioritised going to pachinko and pachislot without having any debt or those who have recently changed the way they feel about pachinko or pachislot. "By focusing on this group of people, early prevention before spiralling into heavy debt and deep addiction may be possible," she highlights. Arai and her team are now working towards creating the contents of such a programme. This includes points like information about gambling disorders, signs of gambling disorders whilst the act is still fun, the importance of repeat consultation when their feelings change towards pachinko/pachislot and reflecting on the reasons why they hide their gambling to their families. "Recognising the characteristics of the addictions as a result of the research means we are now aware of the various gambling disorders and the measures taken in relation to it," says Arai. The team's work is continuing to focus on defining the intervention and support needed to help those with gambling addictions in Japan.