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      Germinação de diásporos recém-colhidos de Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão (Anacardiaceae) ocorrente no cerrado do Brasil Central Translated title: Germination of newly collected diaspores of Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão (Anacardiaceae) occurring in the cerrado of Central Brazil

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          Abstract

          Myracrodruon urundeuva distribui-se no nordeste, sudeste e centro-oeste brasileiro, sendo considerada uma espécie vulnerável à extinção. Diásporos coletados no vale do Rio Araguari, MG, foram utilizados em três experimentos, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, cada um deles com cinco repetições de 50 diásporos. No primeiro e segundo experimentos, utilizou-se gerbox com vermiculita umedecida com água destilada, GA3 e citocinina a 1, 10, e 100 µg.mL¹ e KNO3 a 0,2%, o primeiro mantido sob luz branca fluorescente contínua e o segundo no escuro. No terceiro experimento, os diásporos foram umedecidos com água e estratificados por um a seis dias a 4-5 ºC, no escuro; no controle os diásporos não foram estratificados. A cada 24 horas observou-se a protrusão do embrião nos experimentos mantidos sob luz e, aos sete dias, na ausência de luz. Sob luz contínua, diásporos tratados com GA3 1 µg.mL-1 foram mais homogêneos (CVt = 17,13%) e sincronizados (Z = 0,64) em relação aos mantidos nos demais tratamentos. A germinabilidade nos diferentes tratamentos variou entre 52,8% e 60% e a germinação ocorreu entre dois e três dias. Na ausência de luz, a germinabilidade variou entre 50,4% e 58,8% e sob estratificação, entre 49,6% e 61,2%. Dentre os diferentes tempos de estratificação, o menor tempo médio, as maiores velocidades e uniformidade de germinação foram registrados para diásporos estratificados por seis dias. Apesar da germinação da aroeira ser rápida, sua porcentagem foi baixa, o que indica a necessidade de estudos para garantir sua exploração sustentável.

          Translated abstract

          Myracrodruon urundeuva occurs in Northeast, Southeast, and West Center Brazilian regions, being considered as a vulnerable species to extinction. Diaspores collected in the Araguari River valley, MG, were used in three experiments, in a completely randomized design, with five replications of 50 diaspores each one. In the first and second experiments, germination boxes with vermiculite moistened with distilled water, GA3 and cytokinin at 1, 10, 100 µg mL-1, and 0.2% KNO3 were used as treatments. The first experiment was conducted under continuous fluorescent white lamps and the second in darkness. In the third experiment the diaspores were moistened with distilled water and stratified during one to six days at 45 ºC in darkness. Control treatment was constituted by diaspores moistened with water, without stratification. For the experiments conducted under light conditions, data were collected observing the embryo protrusion every 24 hours; in darkness conditions counting was processed after seven days from the beginning of the experiment. Under continuous light, diaspores treated with 1 µg.mL¹ GA3 were more homogeneous (CVt = 17.13%) and synchronized (Z = 0.64) in relation to the other treatments. The germinability ranged from 52.8% to 60% and occurred between two and three days. In darkness condition, germinability ranged from 50.4% to 58.8% and under stratification, from 49.6% to 61.2%. For the experiment testing stratification, the lowest mean time, the highest rate and germination uniformity were registered for diaspores stratified during six days. Although the germination process had been fast, low germinability indicates that new investigations are necessary to the sustainable exploration of this species.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbb
                Brazilian Journal of Botany
                Braz. J. Bot.
                Sociedade Botânica de São Paulo (São Paulo )
                1806-9959
                June 2005
                : 28
                : 2
                : 399-408
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Brazil
                Article
                S0100-84042005000200018
                10.1590/S0100-84042005000200018
                656ea1a7-f24b-4ca5-9fa7-850e521eb20a

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0100-8404&lng=en
                Categories
                PLANT SCIENCES

                Plant science & Botany
                germination measurements,growth regulators,stratification,estratificação,medidas de germinação,reguladores de crescimento

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