In the Phase III INPULSIS® trials, 52 weeks’ treatment with nintedanib reduced decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) versus placebo in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Patients who completed the INPULSIS® trials could receive nintedanib in an open-label extension trial (INPULSIS®-ON). Patients with FVC 50 % predicted at the start of INPULSIS®-ON, the absolute mean change in FVC from baseline to week 48 of INPULSIS®-ON was −62.3 and −87.9 mL, respectively (n = 24 and n = 558, respectively). No new safety signals were identified in INPULSIS®-ON compared with INPULSIS®. The decline in FVC in INPULSIS®-ON in both subgroups by baseline FVC % predicted was similar to that in INPULSIS®, suggesting that nintedanib may have a similar effect on disease progression in patients with advanced disease as in less advanced disease.