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      Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites

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          Abstract

          Bamboo fibers demonstrate enormous potential as the reinforcement phase in composite materials. In this study, in order to find suitable NaOH concentration for bamboo fiber treatment, bamboo fibers were treated with 2 wt.%, 6 wt.% and 10 wt.% NaOH solutions for 12 h, respectively. We determined that 6 wt.% NaOH treated bamboo fibers were optimal for the fabrication of bamboo fiber composites by single fiber tensile test, single fiber pull-out test, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The short length bamboo fibers treated with 6 wt.% NaOH solutions were well dispersed in the epoxy matrix by a new preparation method. The effect of fiber content and fiber length on the mechanical behavior of bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy composites was investigated. The results confirmed that fracture toughness and flexural modulus of the composites monotonically increased with fiber length and content. However, for all samples, composites showed negligible difference on the flexural strength. The fracture surfaces of the composites were observed by SEM, revealing that fiber breakage, matrix cracking, debonding, and fiber pull out were major failure types. In addition, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was carried out to investigate the thermal behavior of both bamboo fibers and composites.

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          Most cited references 46

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          Composites reinforced with cellulose based fibres

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            Effects of particle size, particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate–polymer composites

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              Chemical Treatments of Natural Fiber for Use in Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Review

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Polymers (Basel)
                Polymers (Basel)
                polymers
                Polymers
                MDPI
                2073-4360
                03 June 2018
                June 2018
                : 10
                : 6
                Affiliations
                [1 ]College of Aerospace and Civil Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China; zhangkai24@ 123456hrbeu.edu.cn (K.Z.); Wangfangxin@ 123456hrbeu.edu.cn (F.W.); wangzhenqing@ 123456hrbeu.edu.cn (Z.W.); duanzhiwei@ 123456hrbeu.edu.cn (Z.D.)
                [2 ]School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China; yangbin@ 123456ecust.edu.cn
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: liangwenyan@ 123456hrbeu.edu.cn ; Tel./Fax: +86-451-82589364
                Article
                polymers-10-00608
                10.3390/polym10060608
                6404121
                © 2018 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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