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      SIAN: software for structural identifiability analysis of ODE models

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          Abstract

          Biological processes are often modeled by ordinary differential equations with unknown parameters. The unknown parameters are usually estimated from experimental data. In some cases, due to the structure of the model, this estimation problem does not have a unique solution even in the case of continuous noise-free data. It is therefore desirable to check the uniqueness a priori before carrying out actual experiments. We present a new software SIAN (Structural Identifiability ANalyser) that does this. Our software can tackle problems that could not be tackled by previously developed packages.

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          Oscillatory behavior in enzymatic control processes

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            Mathematical model of NF-kappaB regulatory module.

            The two-feedback-loop regulatory module of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway is modeled by means of ordinary differential equations. The constructed model involves two-compartment kinetics of the activators IkappaB (IKK) and NF-kappaB, the inhibitors A20 and IkappaBalpha, and their complexes. In resting cells, the unphosphorylated IkappaBalpha binds to NF-kappaB and sequesters it in an inactive form in the cytoplasm. In response to extracellular signals such as tumor necrosis factor or interleukin-1, IKK is transformed from its neutral form (IKKn) into its active form (IKKa), a form capable of phosphorylating IkappaBalpha, leading to IkappaBalpha degradation. Degradation of IkappaBalpha releases the main activator NF-kappaB, which then enters the nucleus and triggers transcription of the inhibitors and numerous other genes. The newly synthesized IkappaBalpha leads NF-kappaB out of the nucleus and sequesters it in the cytoplasm, while A20 inhibits IKK converting IKKa into the inactive form (IKKi), a form different from IKKn, no longer capable of phosphorylating IkappaBalpha. After parameter fitting, the proposed model is able to properly reproduce time behavior of all variables for which the data are available: NF-kappaB, cytoplasmic IkappaBalpha, A20 and IkappaBalpha mRNA transcripts, IKK and IKK catalytic activity in both wild-type and A20-deficient cells. The model allows detailed analysis of kinetics of the involved proteins and their complexes and gives the predictions of the possible responses of whole kinetics to the change in the level of a given activator or inhibitor.
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              Structural Identifiability of Systems Biology Models: A Critical Comparison of Methods

              Analysing the properties of a biological system through in silico experimentation requires a satisfactory mathematical representation of the system including accurate values of the model parameters. Fortunately, modern experimental techniques allow obtaining time-series data of appropriate quality which may then be used to estimate unknown parameters. However, in many cases, a subset of those parameters may not be uniquely estimated, independently of the experimental data available or the numerical techniques used for estimation. This lack of identifiability is related to the structure of the model, i.e. the system dynamics plus the observation function. Despite the interest in knowing a priori whether there is any chance of uniquely estimating all model unknown parameters, the structural identifiability analysis for general non-linear dynamic models is still an open question. There is no method amenable to every model, thus at some point we have to face the selection of one of the possibilities. This work presents a critical comparison of the currently available techniques. To this end, we perform the structural identifiability analysis of a collection of biological models. The results reveal that the generating series approach, in combination with identifiability tableaus, offers the most advantageous compromise among range of applicability, computational complexity and information provided.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                25 December 2018
                Article
                1812.10180

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                This article has been accepted for publication in Bioinformatics published by Oxford University Press
                cs.SC cs.SY math.DS q-bio.QM

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