7
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Quality of governance and effectiveness of protected areas: crucial concepts for conservation planning : Governance and protected area effectiveness

      ,
      Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
      Wiley-Blackwell

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Related collections

          Most cited references59

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Proximate Causes and Underlying Driving Forces of Tropical Deforestation

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas.

            The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human encroachment and other environmental stresses. As pressures mount, it is vital to know whether existing reserves can sustain their biodiversity. A critical constraint in addressing this question has been that data describing a broad array of biodiversity groups have been unavailable for a sufficiently large and representative sample of reserves. Here we present a uniquely comprehensive data set on changes over the past 20 to 30 years in 31 functional groups of species and 21 potential drivers of environmental change, for 60 protected areas stratified across the world’s major tropical regions. Our analysis reveals great variation in reserve ‘health’: about half of all reserves have been effective or performed passably, but the rest are experiencing an erosion of biodiversity that is often alarmingly widespread taxonomically and functionally. Habitat disruption, hunting and forest-product exploitation were the strongest predictors of declining reserve health. Crucially, environmental changes immediately outside reserves seemed nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate, with changes inside reserves strongly mirroring those occurring around them. These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply chains.

              The recent 70% decline in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon suggests that it is possible to manage the advance of a vast agricultural frontier. Enforcement of laws, interventions in soy and beef supply chains, restrictions on access to credit, and expansion of protected areas appear to have contributed to this decline, as did a decline in the demand for new deforestation. The supply chain interventions that fed into this deceleration are precariously dependent on corporate risk management, and public policies have relied excessively on punitive measures. Systems for delivering positive incentives for farmers to forgo deforestation have been designed but not fully implemented. Territorial approaches to deforestation have been effective and could consolidate progress in slowing deforestation while providing a framework for addressing other important dimensions of sustainable development. Copyright © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
                Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci.
                Wiley-Blackwell
                00778923
                July 2017
                July 05 2017
                : 1399
                : 1
                : 27-41
                Article
                10.1111/nyas.13284
                27918838
                6599438e-9817-47f9-9ade-b49f6f1ca71a
                © 2017

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

                History

                Comments

                Comment on this article