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      Endocarditis due to Anaerobic Bacteria

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Anaerobic bacteria, Bacterooides fragilis, Peptostreptococcus spp., Endocardidits, Propionibacterium acnes

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          Abstract

          This review describes the microbiology, diagnosis and management of endocarditis due to anaerobic bacteria. Anaerobic bacteria are an uncommon but important cause of endocarditis. Most cases of anaerobic endocarditis are caused by anaerobic cocci, Propionibacterium acnes and Bacteroides fragilis group. Predisposing factors and signs and symptoms of endocarditis caused by anaerobic bacteria are similar to those seen in endocarditis with facultative anaerobic bacteria with the following exceptions: the gastrointestinal tract was the most common source for B. fragilis group endocarditis, the head and neck were the most common origin for Fusobacterium and Bacteroides spp., and the head and neck and genitourinary tract were the most common source for peptostreptococci. Complications with anaerobic endocarditis include valvular destruction, multiple mycotic aneurysms, aortic-ring abscess, aortitis, cardiogenic shock, dysrhythmias and septic shock. The mortality rate for patients with anaerobes endocarditis is 21–43%. Treatment of endocarditis involving anaerobic bacteria includes the use of antibiotic therapy effective against these organisms.

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          Most cited references 1

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          Prevention of infective endocarditis.

           D Durack (1995)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            CRD
            Cardiology
            10.1159/issn.0008-6312
            Cardiology
            S. Karger AG
            0008-6312
            1421-9751
            2002
            September 2002
            26 September 2002
            : 98
            : 1-2
            : 1-5
            Affiliations
            Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C., USA
            Article
            64684 Cardiology 2002;98:1–5
            10.1159/000064684
            12373039
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            References: 39, Pages: 5
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