35
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    1
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Analysis of hypnotherapy on improving the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea in female college students

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objective To explore the improvement effect of hypnotherapy on dysmenorrhea symptoms of female college students with primary dysmenorrhea, in order to provide reference for the intervention and treatment of female college students with primary dysmenorrhea.

          Methods From Septerber to December 2021, 90 female college students diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea in Qinzhou First People’s Hospital were randomly divided into hypnotic suggestion group ( n=30), hypnotic relaxation group ( n=30) and control group ( n=30). The 10-session hypnotic suggestion and 10-session hypnotic relaxation interventions were carried out while the control group received no intervention. Participants in the three groups were assessed by using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), State Anxiety Inventory (SAI), Questionnaire of Quality of Life of College Students (QOLCS), Cox Dysmenorrhea Symptom Scale (CMSS) before and after intervention.

          Results After intervention, the VAS, BDI-II and SAI scores of the hypnotic suggestion group and the hypnotic relaxation group significantly decreased compared to those before the intervention ( t = 7.04, 13.32, 3.58, 2.15, 2.52, 2.01, P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in VAS, BDI-II and SAI scores among the three groups ( F = 24.71, 29.57, 6.60, P<0.01). After intervention, the QOLCS total score, physical, psychological and behavioral dimension scores in the hypnotic suggestion group and the hypnotic relaxation group significantly improved ( t = −4.61, −3.36, −3.12, −2.81, −2.71, −2.19, −2.69, −2.28, P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in QOLCS total score, physical, psychological, behavioral, environmental, and social support dimension scores among the three groups ( F = 10.36, 4.14, 5.14, 4.81, 7.07, 5.53, P<0.05). After the intervention, the CMSS dysmenorrhea severity and dysmenorrhea duration scores in the hypnotic suggestion group and the hypnotic relaxation group were significantly lower than those before the intervention ( t = 5.66, 4.70, 3.09, 2.21, P<0.05). There were significant differences in CMSS dysmenorrhea severity and dysmenorrhea duration scores among the three groups ( F = 15.33, 12.33, P<0.05).

          Conclusion Hypnotherapy can help relieve pain of female college students with primary dysmenorrhea, improve depression and anxiety.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探索催眠疗法对原发性痛经女大学生痛经症状的改善效果, 为原发性痛经女大学生群体的干预与治疗提 供参考依据。 方法 于 2021 年 9—12 月, 选取钦州市第一人民医院诊断为原发性痛经的 90 名女大学生, 随机分成催眠暗 示组 (30 名)、催眠放松组 (30 名) 和对照组 (30 名), 催眠暗示组按照干预方案进行 10 次有针对性的干预, 催眠放松组开 展 10 次催眠放松干预, 对照组保持常态。采用视觉模拟评分 (VAS)、Beck 抑郁量表 (BDI-II)、状态焦虑量表 (SAI)、大学 生生命质量评价简明量表 (QOLCS)、COX 痛经症状量表 (CMSS) 对 3 组成员进行前、后测评分。 结果 干预后催眠暗示组 和催眠放松组的 VAS、BDI-II、SAI 评分较干预前降低 ( t 值分别为 7.04, 13.32, 3.58, 2.15, 2.52, 2.01, P 值均<0.05), 3 组 VAS、BDI-II、SAI 评分差异均有统计学意义 ( F 值分别为 24.71, 29.57, 6.60, P 值均<0.01); 干预后催眠暗示组和催眠放松 组 QOLCS 总分、生理、心理、行为维度评分提升 ( t 值分别为 −4.61, −3.36, −3.12, −2.81, −2.71, −2.19, −2.69, −2.28, P 值均< 0.05), 3 组 QOLCS 总分、生理、心理、行为、环境、社会支持维度评分差异均有统计学意义 ( F 值分别为 10.36, 4.14, 5.14, 4.81, 7.07, 5.53, P 值均<0.05); 干预后催眠暗示组和催眠放松组 CMSS 严重程度和 CMSS 持续时间评分较干预前下降 ( t 值 分别为 5.66, 4.70, 3.09, 2.21, P 值均<0.05), 3 组 CMSS 严重程度和 CMSS 持续时间评分差异均有统计学意义 ( F 值分别为 15.33, 12.33, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 催眠疗法有助于减轻原发性痛经女大学生的疼痛, 改善抑郁与焦虑情绪。

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 November 2022
          01 November 2022
          : 43
          : 11
          : 1707-1712
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Center of Mental Health Education of Beibu, Gulf University, Qinzhou (535011), Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WANG Yiran, E-mail: wangyiran07@ 123456126.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.11.026
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.11.026
          65b7c4e0-a0c9-4636-9951-5690fcaca5c2
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Depression,Anxiety,Hypnosis,Dysmenorrhea,Female,Mental health,Students

          Comments

          Comment on this article