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      BIOI Virtual Academic Series PART 2: Frontiers and Multidisciplinarity in Nanomedicine

      BIO Integration


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          Restoration of tumour-growth suppression in vivo via systemic nanoparticle-mediated delivery of PTEN mRNA

          PTEN is a well-characterized tumour-suppressor gene that is lost or mutated in about half of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancers and in many other human cancers. The restoration of functional PTEN as a treatment for prostate cancer has however proven difficult. Here, we show that PTEN mRNA can be reintroduced into PTEN-null prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo via its encapsulation in polymer-lipid hybrid nanoparticles coated with a poly(ethylene glycol) shell. The nanoparticles are stable in serum, elicit low toxicity, enable high PTEN mRNA transfection in prostate cancer cells, and lead to significant inhibition of tumour growth when delivered systemically in multiple mouse models of prostate cancer. We also show that the restoration of PTEN function in PTEN-null prostate cancer cells inhibits the PI3K-AKT pathway and enhances apoptosis. Our findings provide proof-of-principle evidence of the restoration of mRNA-based tumour suppression in vivo.
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            Bilirubin nanoparticle preconditioning protects against hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.

            Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains a major concern in liver transplantation and resection, despite continuing efforts to prevent it. Accumulating evidence suggests that bilirubin possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. However, despite obvious potential health benefits of bilirubin, its clinical applications are limited by its poor solubility. We recently developed bilirubin nanoparticles (BRNPs) consisting of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated bilirubin. Here, we sought to investigate whether BRNPs protect against IRI in the liver by preventing oxidative stress. BRNPs exerted potent antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activity in primary hepatocytes exposed to hydrogen peroxide, a precursor of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In a model of hepatic IRI in mice, BRNP preconditioning exerted profound protective effects against hepatocellular injury by reducing oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokine production, and recruitment of neutrophils. They also preferentially accumulated in IRI-induced inflammatory lesions. Collectively, our findings indicate that BRNP preconditioning provides a simple and safe approach that can be easily monitored in the blood like endogenous bilirubin, and could be a promising strategy to protect against IRI in a clinical setting.
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              Bilirubin nanoparticles ameliorate allergic lung inflammation in a mouse model of asthma


                Author and article information

                BIO Integration
                Compuscript (Ireland )
                01 December 2020
                09 September 2020
                : 1
                : 3
                : 110-112
                Copyright © 2020 The Authors

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See https://bio-integration.org/copyright-and-permissions/

                Self URI (journal-page): https://bio-integration.org/
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