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      Renal Antioxidant Status in Rats with Hypertension Induced by N Sup Omega Nitro- L-Arginine Methyl Ester

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          Abstract

          Nitric oxide (NO) has a role in the etiopathogenesis of hypertension. Relaxation of vascular smooth muscles is failed when NO production is reduced leading to increased vascular peripheral resistance. N sup omega nitro- L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) is one of the inhibitors of NO production. The aim of this study was to investigate oxidant-antioxidant systems of renal tissue in rats with hypertension induced by L-NAME. Rats were divided into three groups: control group and study groups treated with 100 or 500 mg/l L-NAME in drinking water for 15 days. The activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and NO were studied in the renal tissue after hypertension induction. Arterial blood pressure was increased in both L- NAME groups. CAT activity of 500-mg L-NAME group was higher than control. GSH-Px activity of 500-mg L-NAME group was decreased compared with 100-mg ones. NO level was lower in 500-mg L-NAME group than control. MDA levels in both L-NAME groups were decreased compared with control. In conclusion, hypertension was induced with oral L-NAME treatment. Increased CAT activity was compensated with decreased GSH-Px activity in 500-mg L-NAME group. Both study groups were protected from lipid peroxidation with NO inhibition.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Superoxide radical: an endogenous toxicant.

           I Fridovich (1982)
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            A methodological approach to superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity assay based on inhibition of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction.

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              Role of increased oxygen free radical activity in the pathogenesis of uremic hypertension.

               Y. Ding,  F Oveisi,  N. Vaziri (1998)
              Earlier studies have demonstrated increased oxygen free radical (OFR) activity, diminished antioxidant capacity and reduced OFR-inactivating enzymes in chronic renal failure (CRF). Via inactivation of nitric oxide (NO), oxidation of arachidonic acid and a direct vasoconstrictive action, OFR can potentially raise blood pressure (BP). This study was designed to test the hypothesis that increased OFR activity may contribute to CRF hypertension. Four weeks after 5/6 nephrectomy rats were treated for two weeks with either lazaroid, a potent antioxidant and lipid peroxidation inhibitor (CRF-LZ group), or vehicle alone (CRF group) by daily gastric gavage. The control group was sham operated and placebo treated. The CRF group exhibited significant increases in BP and plasma lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA), indicating enhanced OFR activity. This was accompanied by decreased urinary nitrate/nitrite (NOx) excretion suggesting depressed NO production. LZ therapy normalized plasma MDA and significantly ameliorated CRF-induced hypertension. Both MDA and blood pressure (BP) rose to values seen in the untreated CRF group within two weeks after termination of LZ therapy. Intravenous administration of the hydroxyl radical scavenger, dimethylthiourea (DMTU), significantly lowered BP and raised urinary NOx excretion. However, no discernible effects were found with either superoxide dismutase or catalase (superoxide and H2O2 quenchers). The results suggest that increased OFR activity is, in part, responsible for CRF-associated HTN. The study further points to hydroxyl radicals as the major source of OFR in CRF animals. If substantiated in humans, antioxidant therapy becomes a logical adjunct in the management of CRF.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                KBR
                Kidney Blood Press Res
                10.1159/issn.1420-4096
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                1420-4096
                1423-0143
                2002
                2002
                08 November 2002
                : 25
                : 4
                : 211-216
                Affiliations
                Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
                Article
                66341 Kidney Blood Press Res 2002;25:211–216
                10.1159/000066341
                12424422
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 29, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/66341
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Antioxidants, Kidney, Lipid peroxidation, L-NAME, Hypertension

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