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      Human obesity: from lipid abnormalities to lipid oxidation.

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          The obese state has been recognized to accentuate the known risk factors for atherosclerotic disease as dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. Among other risk factors, obesity is characterized by a series of lipid disturbances, such as hypercholesterolemia, high fasting (and postprandial) triglyceride levels, low HDL cholesterol, high apolipoprotein B, high small dense lipoprotein particles and alterations of serum and tissue LPL-activity. Although obesity is associated with such cluster of lipid abnormalities, these factors do not explain the complete process of atherogenesis in the obese subject. Other risk factors belonging to the polymetabolic syndrome-cluster, insulin resistance, hypertension, fibrinogen, add substantial but not full explanation to the atherothrombotic process. Over the last decade, a series of excellent studies have provided the background for a more indepth mechanism of atherosclerosis; the role of lipid peroxidation in particular has been one of the focuses of this current research. There exists a lot of evidence suggesting a major role for oxidized LDL and VLDL particles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Although obesity is characterized by dyslipidemia, less is known about the oxidation capacity of lipoproteins in obese subjects. We measured the oxidizability in vitro in 21 premenopausal women and compared them to 18 age-matched controls. The oxidizability of the non-HDL fraction is evaluated by measuring the fluorescence and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS: MDA nM/mg non-HDL) at different time intervals of incubation. TBARS formation increased linearly with the increase of lipids both in non-obese and obese subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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          Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord.
          International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
          Sep 1995
          : 19 Suppl 3
          [1 ] University Hospital Antwerp/Laboratory of Endocrinology, Department of Endocrinology, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Wilrijk, Belgium.


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