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      Biphasic Changes (Initial Increase and Late Decrease) in Coronary Sinus Venous Oxygen Saturation during Anginal Attacks Induced by Intracoronary Acetylcholine in Patients with Variant Angina

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          Abstract

          In order to evaluate the effects of intracoronary acetylcholine on coronary resistance vessels, oxygen saturation in coronary sinus blood was continuously measured to compare its dynamic changes during intracoronary injection of acetylcholine in both patients with variant angina and control subjects. Group 1 consisted of 6 patients without coronary artery disease. Group 2 consisted of 10 patients with variant angina and spasm in the left anterior descending coronary artery. A fiberoptic reflection oximetry system was used for the continuous measurement of coronary sinus venous oxygen saturation. Acetylcholine (20 µg) was injected directly into the left coronary artery over 30 s. In the group 1 patients, coronary sinus venous oxygen saturation was increased from 39 ± 2% (mean ± SEM) to 54 ± 3% at 30 s, continuously climbed to 70 ± 3% at 60 s and then gradually decreased to 53 ± 5% at 120 s after the initiation of intracoronary injection of acetylcholine. In contrast, in the group 2 patients, coronary sinus venous oxygen saturation was transiently increased from 39 ± 2% to 56 ± 4% at 30 s, reversed, decreased to 52 ± 4% at 60 s and then rapidly decreased to 36 ± 3% at 120 s with the onset of chest pain associated with electrocardiographic ischemic changes. Coronary arteriography during attacks demonstrated a total or subtotal occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery due to severe spasm in all of the 10 patients. The extent of increases in coronary sinus venous oxygen saturation at 30 s after acetylcholine injection was not significantly different between the two groups (group 1: 15 ± 4%, group 2: 17 ± 3%). Heart rate, blood pressure and rate-pressure product were essentially unchanged at 30 s after intracoronary injection of acetylcholine in both groups. These data suggest that in control adult humans, coronary blood flow was increased through dilatation of resistance vessels by acetylcholine, while in patients with variant angina, coronary blood flow was transiently increased by dilatation of resistance vessels, after which it was suddenly decreased by spasm of an epicardial artery induced by this agent. Relaxant responses to acetylcholine of coronary resistance vessels appear to be preserved well in patients with variant angina.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1992
          1992
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 4-5
          : 221-232
          Affiliations
          Second Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
          Article
          175808 Cardiology 1992;81:221–232
          10.1159/000175808
          1301247
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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