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      The role of rejection sensitivity in the relationship between the psychological resilience and social adaptability of college students with left-behind experience


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          Objective To explore the role of rejection sensitivity in the relationship between the psychological resilience and social adaptability of college students with left-behind experience, so as to provide reference for college students to beffer adapt to the society.

          Methods Self-designed questionnaire, the Conor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Chinese College Students Adaptation Scale (CCSAS), and the Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (RSQ) were administered among 3 418 college students from four universities in Anhui Province with the stratified cluster sampling method. This research investigation used AMOS version 21.0 to construct a structural equation model of rejection sensitivity, psychological resilience, and social adaptability, to analyze the mediation effect.

          Results There were 1 324 college students with lefe-behind experience. Compared with college students without left-behind experience [(64.47±13.79) (197.90±25.57) (10.86±2.98)], students with left-behind experience exhibited lower levels of psychological resilience, social adaptability, and rejection sensitivity [(63.26±13.69) (195.14±24.60) (10.45±2.91)] ( t = −2.50, −3.12, −3.87, P<0.05); Rejection sensitivity was negatively associated with social adaptability, and psychological resilience among college students with left-behind experience ( r = −0.24, −0.22, P<0.01), while social adaptability was positively correlated with psychological resilience ( r= 0.64, P<0.01). The results of the mediation model showed that psychological resilience affected the mediation path of social adaptability by rejection sensitivity (mediation effect value = 0.02, 95% CI = 0.01–0.05, P<0.05).

          Conclusion Left-behind experience had a negative impact on the psychological resilience and social adaptability of undergraduates. With respect to the psychological resilience of undergraduates with left-behind experience, rejection sensitivity played a mediating role in the social adaptability relationship.


          【摘要】 目的 探索童年期留守经历大学生拒绝敏感性在心理弹性与社会适应性关系中的作用, 为高校学生能够更好地 适应社会提供参考。 方法 采用分层整群抽样方法, 抽取安徽省 4 所高校 3 418 名大学生, 采用自编社会人口学及留守因 素问卷、心理弹性量表 (CD-RISC)、中国大学生适应量表 (CCSAS) 及拒绝敏感性量表 (RSQ) 进行调查, 并利用 AMOS 21.0 构建拒绝敏感性、心理弹性和社会适应关系的结构方程模型。 结果 有留守经历大学生 1 324 名, 与无留守经历大学生相 比 [(64.47±13.79) (197.90±25.57) (10.86±2.98)分], 有留守经历大学生的心理弹性、社会适应性水平及拒绝敏感度更低 [(63.26±13.69) (195.14±24.60) (10.45±2.91)分] ( t 值分别为 −2.50, −3.12, −3.87, P 值均<0.05); 相关分析结果显示, 有留 守经历大学生拒绝敏感性与社会适应性、心理弹性均呈负相关 ( r 值分别为 −0.24, −0.22, P 值均<0.01), 社会适应性与心理 弹性呈正相关 ( r = 0.64, P<0.01); 模型拟合结果表明, 心理弹性通过拒绝敏感性影响社会适应性的中介路径有统计学意义 (中介效应值=0.02,95% CI =0.01~0.05, P<0.05)。 结论 心理弹性和社会适应性水平在童年期有留守经历大学生群体较 无留守经历大学生群体低, 且拒绝敏感性在有留守经历大学生心理弹性与社会适应性的关系中存在中介作用。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 June 2021
          01 June 2021
          : 42
          : 6
          : 867-871
          [1] 1Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei (230032), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Xiujun, E-mail: zhangxiujun@ 123456ahmu.edu.cn
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Rejection (psychology),Social adjustment,Mental health,Students


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