14
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      MECÁNICA ESTADÍSTICA, NEODARWINISMO Y LA PREFIGURACIÓN DE LAS CIENCIAS DE LA COMPLEJIDAD Translated title: Statistical Mechanics, Neo-Darwinism and the Prefiguration of the Science of Complexity

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          En este artículo pretendo mostrar que: 1. Para los fundadores de la genética de poblaciones, Fisher y Wright, existía una relación muy estrecha entre la física y la biología. 2. El deseo de matematizar la genética de poblaciones buscaba darle al evolucionismo el estatus de -ciencia dura-, al mismo nivel que la física de Boltzmann y Maxwell. 3. Este esfuerzo estuvo orientado a mostrar que la evolución por selección natural no se opone a las leyes termodinámicas que rigen la evolución de los sistemas físicos. 4. La metáfora que paradójicamente presenta a los seres vivos como -demonios de Maxwell- anticipó aspectos de las teorías evolutivas modernas que recurren a las ciencias de la información y la termodinámica de sistemas complejos adaptativos desarrolladas por Prigogine en 1970 y Kauffman en 1993. 5. Para finalizar presento un contraste entre Darwin y Einstein que permite esclarecer mejor los puentes y conexiones bidireccionales que se establecen entre la biología y la física.

          Translated abstract

          This paper aims to illustrate: 1. that for the founders of population genetics, Fisher and Wright, there was a close relationship between physics and biology. 2. The mathematics of population genetics aimed at placing evolutionary theory as a -hard science- at the same level as Boltzmann and Maxwell’s physics. 3. This effort showed that the concept of evolution by natural selection does not contradict the laws of thermodynamics that rule the evolution of physical systems. 4. The metaphor that paradoxically represents living beings as -Maxwellian demons- anticipated some aspects of the present day evolutionary theories that recur to the thermodynamic of complex adaptive systems as developed by Prigogine, 1970, and Kauffman, 1993. 5. To conclude, I contrast Darwin and Einstein in order to clarify, how can be understood today, the bridges and bidirectional connections between physics and biology.

          Related collections

          Most cited references43

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Evolution in Mendelian Populations.

          S. Wright (1931)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Book: not found

            The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Conference Proceedings: not found

              The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding, and selection in evolution

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                abc
                Acta Biológica Colombiana
                Acta biol.Colomb.
                Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Biología (Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia )
                0120-548X
                December 2009
                : 14
                : suppl 1
                : 169-186
                Affiliations
                [01] Bogotá D.C. orgnameUniversidad Nacional de Colombia orgdiv1Departamento de Biología Colombia leandradep@ 123456unal.edu.co
                Article
                S0120-548X2009000400010 S0120-548X(09)01400010
                665b3b8b-ae93-469e-adc3-57bb7c44d8e1

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 27 October 2009
                : 28 September 2009
                : 28 May 2010
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 18
                Product

                SciELO Colombia

                Categories
                Artículos de Reflexión

                sistemas complejos adaptativos,información,entropía,demonios de Maxwell,Boltzmann,Maxwell’s demons,information,entropy,complex adaptive systems

                Comments

                Comment on this article