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      Oral and Parenteral Essential Amino Acid Therapy in Malnourished Hemodialysis Patients

      , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Essential amino acids, Malnutrition, Hemodialysis

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Malnutrition has been encountered more frequently than expected and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Until the last few years, only oral and enteral nutritional supplies have been used in the treatment of malnutrition in HD patients. However, intradialytic parenteral essential amino acid (EAA) nutrition has recently been introduced to treat these patients. The present study was conducted to compare both methods of EAA nutrition, oral and parenteral, in malnourished HD patients. Methods: Half of the 20 malnourished HD patients in this study received 0.9 g/kg/week of oral EAA (oral group), while the other half of the patients were treated with the same dose of parenteral EAA (parenteral group) for 4 months. However, at the very beginning of the study, 4 patients from the oral group were transferred to the parenteral group because of complaints such as nausea and vomiting. Therefore, this study was completed with 6 patients in the oral group and 14 patients in the parenteral group. Some biochemical parameters, including blood lymphocyte counts and anthropometric measurements as indicators of the nutritional status, were obtained from both of the groups in the pre- and posttreatment periods. Results: Following the treatment, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to anthropometric measurements. However, statistically significant increases were observed in serum albumin (p = 0.048) and creatinine (p = 0.006) levels and blood lymphocyte counts (p = 0.006) in the parenteral group, while there were statistically significant increases only in serum calcium (p = 0.028) levels and blood lymphocyte counts (p = 0.038) in the oral group following the treatment when compared to pretreatment values. Conclusion: These results show that parenteral EAA therapy is more comfortable and effective than oral EAA therapy in the treatment of malnourished HD patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2001
          2001
          05 September 2001
          : 89
          : 2
          : 224-227
          Affiliations
          Department of Nephrology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Etlik, Ankara, Turkey
          Article
          46072 Nephron 2001;89:224–227
          10.1159/000046072
          11549907
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 4, References: 16, Pages: 4
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46072
          Categories
          Short Communication

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Malnutrition, Essential amino acids, Hemodialysis

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