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      Effect of Isosorbide-5-Mononitrate on Exercise Performance and Clinical Status in Patients with Congestive Heart Failure

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          Abstract

          Background and Aims: Nitrate therapy improves hemodynamics in patients with heart failure, but the chronic effects of oral nitrates on exercise performance and clinical status have not been well studied. Methods: Oral isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) (50 mg once daily) or placebo was administered to 136 patients (NYHA Class 2–3) treated for heart failure, all receiving captopril and most also furosemide. Endpoints were treadmill exercise time at 12 weeks by modified Naughton protocol (primary), with an additional 12-week follow-up period. Secondary endpoints included left ventricular dimensions, ejection fraction, cardiothoracic ratio, functional class, quality of life, hospitalizations and plasma norepinephrine and atrial natriuretic peptide in a four-center substudy. Results: Intention-to-treat analysis showed that mean change in treadmill exercise duration tended to be greater in patients receiving ISMN than placebo (treatment difference +42 s, 95% CI –5, +90 s at 12 weeks and +21 s, 95% CI –25, +74 s after 24 weeks) (NS). Treatment difference was greater in the prespecified subgroup with ejection fraction 31–40% (+55 s, 95% CI –11, +136 s at 12 weeks and +65 s, 95% CI +3, +147 s) (p = 0.035) at 24 weeks. No deleterious effects (i.e. hypotension) were observed with ISMN, although headache was reported in 19% of the active treatment group (p = 0.0001). Conclusions: ISMN added to captopril increased treadmill exercise time in patients with heart failure and a lesser reduction in baseline ejection fraction, although for the group as a whole, the increase in treadmill time was not significant.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Lack of correlation between exercise capacity and indexes of resting left ventricular performance in heart failure

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            Complications of diagnostic electrophysiologic studies and radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with tachyarrhythmias: An eight-year survey of 3,966 consecutive procedures in a tertiary referral center

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              CRD
              Cardiology
              10.1159/issn.0008-6312
              Cardiology
              S. Karger AG
              0008-6312
              1421-9751
              1999
              June 1999
              18 June 1999
              : 91
              : 1
              : 1-7
              Article
              6870 Cardiology 1999;91:1–7
              10.1159/000006870
              10393392
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Tables: 3, References: 41, Pages: 7
              Categories
              General Cardiology

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