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      Early Hybrid Extracorporeal Therapies in Pediatric Acute Liver Failure of Unknown Etiology

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          Abstract

          We describe a 9-year-old boy with acute liver failure of unknown etiology, unresponsive to standard medical therapy, with increasing hyperammonemia blood level, lactate elevation, a pediatric end liver stage of 20, a hepatic encephalopathy (HE) score of 2, and scheduled for emergent liver transplantation on the waiting list. We admitted him in the pediatric intensive care unit and managed him in the early stages with continuous renal replacement therapy and therapeutic plasma exchange as soon as neurologic impairment started to worsen. He recovered from his HE after 3 days of blood purification and was removed from the transplantation waiting list due to progressive liver function improvement.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          BPU
          Blood Purif
          10.1159/issn.0253-5068
          Blood Purification
          S. Karger AG
          0253-5068
          1421-9735
          2020
          May 2020
          07 January 2020
          : 49
          : 3
          : 382-384
          Affiliations
          Department of Emergency, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Rome, Italy
          Author notes
          *Emanuele Rossetti, Department of Emergency, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, IT–00165 Rome (Italy), E-Mail emanuele.rossetti@opbg.net
          Article
          504559 Blood Purif 2020;49:382–384
          10.1159/000504559
          31910419
          © 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 1, Pages: 3
          Categories
          Case Report

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