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      Mechanotransduction by Vascular Smooth Muscle

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          Abstract

          Mechanotransduction by vascular smooth muscle (VSM) is defined as a cellular response (contraction, secretion, growth, division) to transmural pressure or stretch. This review includes an overview of the physical forces VSM cells experience in vivo, consideration of experimental techiques used to study VSM mechanotransduction, and a discussion of the scientific literature pertinent to the individual cellular components that have been implicated in the transduction of physical forces. These include: the extracellular matrix, integrins, ion channels, the sarcoplasmic reticulum, second messenger systems, contractile proteins, and the cytoskeleton.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 5
          : 275-292
          Affiliations
          Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vt., USA
          Article
          159102 J Vasc Res 1995;32:275–292
          10.1159/000159102
          7578796
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 18
          Categories
          Review

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