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      Follow-up of a case of subacute thyroiditis with uncommon thyroid 99mTc uptake Translated title: Acompanhamento de caso de tiroidite subaguda com absorção incomum de 99mTc pela tiroide

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          Abstract

          Thyroidal 99mTc uptake in the acute thyrotoxic phase of subacute thyroiditis (SAT) is always inhibited. However, a patient with SAT had signs in the right-side thyroid gland with transient thyrotoxicosis and slightly high 99mTc uptake levels in the right lobe, low 99mTc uptake in the left lobe, and normal overall uptake. Histological examination showed cellular destruction and granulomatous inflammatory changes in the right lobe, with marked interstitial fibrosis in the left lobe. The patient was thyrotrophin-receptor antibody (TRAb) positive. After a short course of prednisolone, SAT-like symptoms and signs improved. TRAb-positivity resolved spontaneously after 22 months, and TSH levels were slightly low for 22 months. Levels then kept normal in the following four years. In conclusion, high 99mTc uptake by the right lobe was due to the combined effects of TRAb and left thyroid gland fibrosis.

          Translated abstract

          A absorção tiroidiana de 99mTc no estado tirotóxico agudo da tireoidite subaguda (SAT) é sempre inibida. Entretanto, um paciente com SAT apresentou sinais na tiroide direita, com tirotoxicose transitória e níveis levemente elevados de 99mTc no lobo direito, baixa absorção de 99mTc no lobo esquerdo e absorção geral normal. O exame histológico mostrou destruição celular e alterações inflamatórias granulomatosas no lobo direito, com fibrose intersticial marcada no lobo esquerdo. O paciente foi positivo para anticorpos antirreceptores da tireotropina (TRAb). Após um curto tratamento com prednisolona, os sintomas e sinais da SAT melhoraram. A positividade para TRAb foi resolvida espontaneamente em 22 meses. Os níveis de TSH permaneceram levemente baixos por 22 meses e, depois, se mantiveram normais nos quatro anos seguintes. Concluiu-se que a alta absorção de 99mTc pelo lobo direito foi devida à combinação entre TRAb e fibrose da tiroide esquerda.

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          Most cited references 14

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          Atypical subacute thyroiditis: preliminary observations.

           G H Daniels (2001)
          Nine patients with painless or minimally painful subacute thyroiditis were seen between late June and October 2000. Six had a history of antecedant viral symptoms. Thyroid peroxidase antibodies were negative in eight patients tested; none had a family history of autoimmune thyroid disease. It is possible that these patients represent examples of postviral painless subacute thyroiditis (atypical subacute thyroiditis). In order to establish the nature of the syndrome, cytological examination, HLA typing, and long-term follow-up are necessary.
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            TSH-receptor antibody measurement in patients with various thyrotoxicosis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis: a comparison of two two-step assays, coated plate ELISA using porcine TSH-receptor and coated tube radioassay using human recombinant TSH-receptor.

            The aim of this study was to compare two two-step assays, a new coated plate (CP) ELISA assay (TRAb ELISA) using purified porcine TSH-receptors (pTSH-R) and a coated tube assay (CT) using recombinant human TSH-receptors (hTSH-R) (DYNO(R) test TRAK human). The same serum samples were used for the determination by both assays in patients with 100 untreated Graves' disease (GD), 30 silent thyroiditis (ST), 10 subacute thyroiditis (SAT) and 87 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). In sera from patients with untreated GD, pTBII and hTBII were positive in nearly all cases except the same one, whereas the thirty sera from the ST had positive values of pTBII in one case and of hTBII in 4 cases. In the one ST case of both pTBII and hTBII positive, hyperthyroidism developed following ST, although the remaining ST cases including the three hTBII-positive cases were not followed by hyperthyroidism after ST attack. A positive value of hTBII was observed in one of 10 patients with SAT, whereas none of them was pTBII positive. In the 87 patients with HT, positive values of pTBII were recognized in 9 patients, whereas hTBII is positive in 10 patients. Serum TSAb and TSBAb activities were analyzed in the hTBII positive 7 patients. As a result, TSAb was all positive except one and TSBAb positive in 4 cases. Since there is no significant difference in the sensitivity and specificity between the two assays in the differentiation of thyrotoxicosis as well as the frequency of finding positive values in patients with HT, it is reasonable to conclude that the clear advantage of sensitivity for clinical application in the new CP and CT assays may be derived from the coated plate or coated tube assay itself, which probably excludes the effect of anti-TSH antibodies and HAMA, and is unrelated to the use of human or porcine TSH-receptors.
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              Simultaneous occurrence of subacute thyroiditis and Graves' disease.

              Rare cases of Graves' disease occurring years after subacute thyroiditis (SAT) have been reported. Here, we present the first known case of simultaneous occurrence of Graves' disease and SAT.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                abem
                Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
                Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab
                Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia (São Paulo )
                1677-9487
                November 2013
                : 57
                : 8
                : 659-662
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Zhejiang University China
                Article
                S0004-27302013000800013
                10.1590/S0004-27302013000800013
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM

                Endocrinology & Diabetes

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