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      Restoration of Atrial Function after Atrial Fibrillation of Different Etiological Origins

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          Abstract

          In order to evaluate atrial function after the restoration of normal sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation, an echocardiographic study was performed in 60 patients hospitalized for atrial fibrillation that was subsequently converted to sinus rhythm. The study population consisted of 60 patients, 41 males and 19 females, with a mean age of 67 ± 8 years. In etiological terms, 20 patients had atrial fibrillation with no associated pathology, 20 had an underlying ischemic cardiopathy an 20 had hypertension. The duration of atrial fibrillation varied from 24 h to 6 months. The restoration of sinus rhythm was spontaneous in 20 patients and drug induced in 40. Patients were divided into groups on the basis of the duration of the atrial fibrillation, the etiology of the atrial fibrillation and the size of the atrium. Transmitral Doppler inflow patterns at rest were assessed within 24 h after conversion to sinus rhythm, and 1 week, 1 month and 3 months later. The statistical significance of serial changes in peak A velocity and A wave integral was determined by analysis of variance. Using the peak A wave for atrial filling and the velocity-time integral as the index of atrial mechanical function, the following results were obtained: restoration of atrial mechanical function occurred earlier in hypertensive patients and in patients with atrial fibrillation only than in patients with associated ischemic cardiopathy. Restoration also occurred earlier in the group of patients that had atrial fibrillation for < 24 h and in patients whose left atrium was of normal size. Since the mechanical activity of the left atrium, evaluated as the peak A wave, does not necessarily return immediately after the restoration of sinus rhythm, a follow-up assessment of the contraction of the left atrium is appropriate.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 3
          : 205-211
          Affiliations
          Institute of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Modena, Italy
          Article
          177088 Cardiology 1996;87:205–211
          10.1159/000177088
          8725315
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Electrocardiography

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