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      Morphogenic Effects of Endothelin-1 on Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

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          Abstract

          Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a vasoconstrictor peptide produced by endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) might play a role in vascular remodelling. To investigate the proposed ‘mitogenic’ potential of ET-1, we examined the effects of chronic exposure of VSMC to ET-1 on cell cycle, growth/proliferation and differentiation under essentially mitogen-free culture conditions. Bulk cultures of thoracic aortic VSMC of spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, although exhibiting genetically determined differences in growth/proliferation (due to shortened Gl and G2 phases in SHR VSMC), respond in a similar manner to ET-1 exposure: long-term exposure (12-15 days) of VSMC from both sources to ET-1 in nonmitogenic medium did not promote cycling of cells. On the contrary, ET-1 attenuated the cycling of VSMC which had already cycled beyond the S phase. For cells which had not cycled beyond the S phase, ET-1 interrupted progression through the cell cycle at the late Gl/early S phase. The specific ability of SHR VSMC to grow in mitogen-free medium was abolished by ET-1 most likely via down-regulation of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-α receptors. Subsequent to ET-1 exposure, VSMC expressed increased levels of mRNA and protein for smooth-muscle-specific α-actin. However, expression of smooth muscle α-actin did not predominate over β-actin as observed for adult contractile VSMC in vivo. The ET-1-induced expression of smooth-muscle-specific α-actin mRNA was dose dependent (EC<sub>50</sub> approx. 2 × 10<sup>-9</sup> M), and α-actin protein expressed was associated with organized actin fibers.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1993
          1993
          23 September 2008
          : 30
          : 4
          : 192-201
          Affiliations
          Department of Research, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
          Article
          158994 J Vasc Res 1993;30:192–201
          10.1159/000158994
          8357950
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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