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      The role of GABA(B) receptors in the regulation of excitatory neurotransmission.

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      Results and problems in cell differentiation

      Springer Nature America, Inc

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          Abstract

          GABA(B) receptors are the metabotrophic receptors for GABA. They are members of the G-protein coupled superfamily of receptors but are highly unusual as they are made up of a dimer of 7-transmembrane spanning subunits. The receptors are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system where they act post-synaptically to cause a long-lasting hyperpolarisation through the activation of a potassium conductance. They are also present pre-synaptically where they act as auto and heteroreceptors to inhibit neurotransmitter release. GABA(B) receptors play a complex role in the regulation of excitatory transmission and their activation can have both inhibitory and dis-inhibitory effects. This has profound physiological and behavioural consequences including modification of LTP and memory, regulation of seizure activity and nociception.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Results Probl Cell Differ
          Results and problems in cell differentiation
          Springer Nature America, Inc
          0080-1844
          0080-1844
          2008
          : 44
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, UK. fhm24@cam.ac.uk
          Article
          10.1007/400_2007_038
          17549439

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