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      Neuroendocrine Factors in Susceptibility to Inflammatory Disease: Focus on the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Inflammation, Stress response, Cytokines, Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalaxis

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          Abstract

          Communication between the central components of the stress response and the immune system plays an important role in susceptibility to inflammatory disease. This communication occurs through hormonal and neuronal mechanisms. Hormonal mechanisms involve activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis by immune system products, e.g. cytokines. The stimulated HPA axis regulates immune responses through the immunosuppressive effects of glucocorticoids. Neuronal mechanisms include direct innervation of immune organs. Cytokine activation of the HPA axis and the resultant glucocorticoid-induced suppression of immune and inflammatory responses represent an important mechanism whereby the central stress response modulates peripheral inflammation. Interruption of this communication is associated with exacerbation of inflammatory disease. Conversely, intracerebroventricular transplantation of hypothalamic tissue from inflammatory resistant rats into susceptible rats reduces peripheral inflammation by more than 85%.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6139-6
          978-3-318-01697-0
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1995
          1995
          05 December 2008
          : 43
          : 4
          : 159-161
          Affiliations
          National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., USA
          Article
          184268 Horm Res 1995;43:159–161
          10.1159/000184268
          7750921
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          Workshop II: Stress and Eating Disorders: Basic and Clinical Aspects: Plenary Lecture

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