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      Tracking of Physical Activity from Childhood to Adulthood: A Review

      review-article
      Obesity Facts
      S. Karger AG
      Childhood, Adulthood, Tracking, Obesity, Physical activity

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          Abstract

          The aim of the article was to review studies on the tracking of physical activity in all phases of life from childhood to late adulthood. The majority of the studies have been published since 2000. The follow-up time in most studies was short, the median being 9 years. In men, the stability of physical activity was significant but low or moderate during all life phases and also in longterm follow-ups. In women, the tracking was lower and in many cases non-significant. Among both sexes, stability seems to be lower in early childhood than in adolescence or in adulthood and lower in transitional phases, such as from childhood to adolescence or from adolescence to adulthood, than in adulthood. However, the differences in the stability of physical activity between age groups and between different phases of life were small. The number of tracking studies utilising objective methods to measure physical activity was so small that systematic differences in stability between self-report and objective methods could not be determined. A factor which caused differences in tracking results was the adjustment of correlations for measurement error and other error variance. Adjusted coefficients were clearly higher than unadjusted ones. However, adjustment was done only in very few studies. If the different methods used for estimating habitual physical activity and the failure to control for important covariates in studies of tracking are taken into account, physical activity appears to track reasonably well also in the longer term, for example from adolescence to adulthood. The results of the tracking studies support the idea that the enhancement of physical activity in children and adolescents is of great importance for the promotion of public health.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          OFA
          OFA
          Obes Facts
          10.1159/issn.1662-4025
          Obesity Facts
          S. Karger AG
          1662-4025
          1662-4033
          2009
          July 2009
          12 June 2009
          : 2
          : 3
          : 187-195
          Affiliations
          LIKES Research Institute, Jyväskylä, Department of Sport Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
          Article
          222244 Obes Facts 2009;3:187–195
          10.1159/000222244
          6516203
          20054224
          68d31cf3-0ee8-43f4-bf71-2308f0fb5424
          © 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Review Article

          Nutrition & Dietetics,Health & Social care,Public health
          Adulthood,Childhood,Tracking,Obesity,Physical activity

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