Objective To understand the current situation and the relationship between the health literacy of primary school teachers and health behavior literacy of students, and to provide some inspiration for the reform of health promotion and education in school.
Methods Twelve primary schools were selected from Jintai district, Chencang district and Long county, and we used stratified cluster random sampling method to choose 334 primary school teachers and 622 students of grade 4 and 6 to fill out the questionnaire.
Results Nearly 46.71% of all the teachers had adequate health literacy. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the urban and rural ( OR = 2.30, 95%CI =1.30–4.07) and gender ( OR =2.62, 95%CI = 1.36-5.05) were statistically significant for the health literacy among teachers; Adequate health behavior literacy was found in 46.78% of all the students, multivariate Logistic regression analysis also showed the urban and rural ( OR = 2.07, 95%CI = 1.33–3.24) and mother’ s education ( OR = 2.012.41, 95%CI = 1.25–4.76) were statistically significant. Spearman correlation coefficient between health literacy of the teachers and students was ( r = 0.69, P<0.05).
Conclusion The relation between health literacy of the teachers and students is positive. To improve the health literacy of primary school students, health literacy of primary school teachers should be improved first in China
【摘要】 目的 了解小学教师健康素养和小学生健康行为素养现状及相关性, 为学校健康促进与健康教育机制改革 提供路径。 方法 采用分层整群随机抽样法, 抽取宝鸡市金台区、陈仓区、陇县, 在 3 个区县随机抽取 12 所小学, 对四、六 年级学生 622 名和全校教师 334 名进行问卷调査。 结果 教师健康素养具备率为 46.71%; 多因素 Logistic 回归分析显示, 城乡 ( OR = 2.30, 95% CI =1.30∼4.07)、性别 ( OR = 2.62, 95% CI =1.36∼5.05)对教师健康素养影响有统计学意义。学生健康 行为素养具备率为46.78%;多因素 Logistic 回归分析显示, 城乡 ( OR = 2.07, 95%CI = 1.33 ∼ 3.24)、 母亲文化程度 ( OR = 2.01∼ 2.41, 95%CI =1.25∼4.76) 对学生健康行为素养影响有统计学意义。学生健康行为素养与教师健康素养之间 Spearman 相关 系数 r = 0.69( P<0.05)。 结论 小学教师健康素养和小学生的健康行为素养之间呈正相关。提髙小学生健康素养应首先 提髙小学教师健康素养。