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      Molecular Biology of Adrenergic Receptors: Model Systems for the Study of G-Protein-Mediated Signal Transduction

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          Abstract

          Elucidation of the gene structure of several receptors known to mediate the signal of hormone or transmitter binding to intracellular effector systems through guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) has revealed that these receptors comprise a super-family of related proteins. The hallmark of all G-protein-linked receptors is a presumed topography of 7 membrane-spanning loops, analogous to the structure of bacteriorhodopsin. Members of this gene superfamily contain regions, particularly with the hydrophobic domains, of homologous sequence. The expression of G-protein-linked receptors in heterologous cell systems has allowed for the study of the pharmacological and biochemical properties of individual receptor subtypes in a manner not previously possible with intact tissues containing multiple receptors. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments have identified many conserved amino acids which are involved in ligand binding, receptor activation by agonists and receptor-G protein coupling, and suggest that the conservation of receptor structure throughout this gene family may reflect a conservation of important functional domains within these proteins.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5380-3
          978-3-318-01726-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 1-3
          : 93-103
          Affiliations
          Section on Molecular Neurobiology, Laboratory of Physiologic and Pharmacologic Studies, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, Md., USA
          Article
          158848 Blood Vessels 1991;28:93–103
          10.1159/000158848
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Signal Recognition and Transduction in Vascular Smooth Muscle

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