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      Possible Contribution of Prolactin in the Process of Ovulation and Oocyte Maturation

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          Abstract

          The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of PRL in the process of ovulation and oocyte maturation. In the first experiment, using an in vitro perfused rabbit ovary model, the addition of PRL to the perfusate inhibited hCG-induced ovulation in a dose-related fashion, without any reduction in progesterone synthesis. In a subsequent experiment, PRL directly inhibited both the degeneration and decomposition of surface epithelial cells and the disruption of connective tissue at the apex of the follicle wall. Furthermore, PRL inhibited hCG-stimulated plasminogen activator (PA) activity in mature follicles in a dose-related fashion. In the final experiment, we demonstrated conditions in which rabbit oocytes matured in vitro acquire competence for early embryonic development. PRL, as well as gonadotropins and estradiol, was an important constituent in the process of oocyte maturation, promoting embryonic development. These results suggest that the preovulatory environment of PRL within the follicle may influence the process of ovulation and oocyte maturation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5470-1
          978-3-318-01980-3
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 35
          : Suppl 1
          : 22-32
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyorin University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Dental College, Ichikawa General Hospital, Chiba, Japan
          Article
          181925 Horm Res 1991;35:22–32
          10.1159/000181925
          1752600
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          New Aspects of Prolactin in Human Reproductive Physiology

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