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      Validation of the Sexual Inhibition/Sexual Excitation Scales (SIS/SES) in Italy: Assessing Gender and Age Differences of Sexual Functioning


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          The Sexual Inhibition Scales and Sexual Excitation Scales (Janssen et al., 2002a), based on the dual control model by Bancroft and Janssen ( 2000), are part of a 45-item self-report questionnaire evaluating individual tendencies to sexual inhibition or excitation according to three factors: two inhibition factors, SIS1, threat of performance failure, and SIS2, threat of performance consequences, and one excitation factor, SES. In this paper, we aimed to validate and explore psychometric properties of the SIS/SES in a sample of 2260 Italian men and women aged 18 to 75 years. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the three-factor structure proposed in the original version of the scales fit with our sample. Moreover, our data confirmed the results of the original validation sample: Women scored higher on the SIS and lower on the SES than men did, but no significant differences appeared in the factor scores by age group, except for a gender × age interaction, where younger women had higher SIS2 scores. The SIS/SES appeared to be an effective, appropriate cross-cultural measurement of human sexuality in Italian samples, also shedding light on sexual arousal differences in women and men in our country. We also discuss clinical and therapeutic aspects.

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                Author and article information

                Arch Sex Behav
                Arch Sex Behav
                Archives of Sexual Behavior
                Springer US (New York )
                6 August 2021
                6 August 2021
                : 50
                : 6
                : 2755-2772
                [1 ]GRID grid.5608.b, ISNI 0000 0004 1757 3470, Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialisation, , Università Degli Studi di Padova, ; via Venezia 8, 35131 Padua, Italy
                [2 ]GRID grid.10383.39, ISNI 0000 0004 1758 0937, Unity of Neuroscience, Department of Medicine and Surgery, , University of Parma, ; Parma, Italy
                [3 ]GRID grid.5608.b, ISNI 0000 0004 1757 3470, FISPPA, , Università degli studi di Padova, ; Padua, Italy
                [4 ]GRID grid.412451.7, ISNI 0000 0001 2181 4941, Department of Psychological, Humanistic and Territorial Sciences, , University of Chieti, ; Chieti, Italy
                Author information
                © The Author(s) 2021

                Open AccessThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                : 4 November 2019
                : 10 June 2020
                : 25 February 2021
                Funded by: Università degli Studi di Padova
                Original Paper
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                © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021

                Sexual medicine
                sis/ses,sexual excitation,sexual inhibition,gender differences,age differences
                Sexual medicine
                sis/ses, sexual excitation, sexual inhibition, gender differences, age differences


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