Objective To investigate the prevalence of video display terminal syndrome (VDT) among medical students in university, and to explore the correlation between VDT syndrome and depressive symptoms, so as to provide theoretical guidance for promoting college students’ mental health.
Methods A total of 3 265 freshmen and juniors in the Department of Medicine of Nanchang University were surveyed with census method in November 2019 to collect information regarding general information, symptoms related to VDT syndrome, depression status.
Results In the valid questionnaire, the detection rate of VDT syndrome among college students was 33.3%, and the detection rates of VDT syndrome varied significantly by sex and clinical major (χ 2=6.45, 18.82, P<0.05) ; The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 54.6%. One-way ANOVA showed that there was significant differences in VDT syndrome status between those with and without depression symptoms (χ 2=63.88, P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression showed that VDT syndrome could increase the risk of detecting depression ( OR=1.84, 95% CI=1.58-2.14, P<0.01).
Conclusion VDT syndrome has a high detection rate in college medical students and is a risk factor for depression in medical students. Society and schools should pay attention to health education on the rational use of video terminals for medical students, and take corresponding measures to intervene, so as to improve the physical and mental health of medical students.
【摘要】 目的 了解医学生视频显示终端 (video display terminal, VDT) 综合征现状, 并探讨其与抑郁症状的相关性, 为促 进医学生心理健康提供依据。 方法 采用普査方法, 于 2019 年 11 月对江西某大学医学部 3 265 名在校大一至大三学生进 行问卷调査, 收集个人基本情况、VDT 综合征相关症状、抑郁状况等信息。 结果 髙校医学生 VDT 综合征检出率为 33.3%, 不同性别、是否临床专业 VDT 综合征检出率差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 6.45, 18.82, P 值均<0.05)。抑郁症状检出 率为 54.6%, 单因素分析显示, 是否 VDT 综合征检出者抑郁症状检出率差异有统计学意义 (χ 2=63.88, P<0.01); 多因素 Logistic 回归分析结果显示, VDT 综合征可增加抑郁症状检出的风险 ( OR=1.84, 95% CI=1.58~2.14, P<0.01)。 结论 VDT 综 合征在医学生中检出率较髙, 且是医学生抑郁症状发生的相关因素。髙校应重视对医学生合理使用视频终端的健康教育, 并采取相应的措施加以干预, 从而提髙医学生身心健康水平。