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      Ultrasound-Biomicroscopic Evaluation of Filtering Blebs after Laser Suture Lysis Trabeculectomy

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          Abstract

          Sometimes in glaucomatous patients treated with trabeculectomy there is no correlation between bleb shape and intra-ocular pressure (IOP). In this study we evaluated the ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) features of filtering blebs after laser suture lysis (LSL) trabeculectomy in order to analyse whether its ultrasound-biomicroscopic image can predict the function (IOP). Methods: The Humphrey ultrasound biomicroscope, using a high-frequency (50-Mhz) probe, provides high-resolution images of filtering blebs. A total of 103 filtering blebs after LSL trabeculectomy were analysed by UBM. Taking into account the characteristics of internal reflectivity and scleral flap, we classified the blebs into three groups (good, fair, poor) that indicate the bleb function and correlated this UBM pattern with the IOP control (good, borderline, failure). Results: There was a statistically significant corelation between the UBM classification of function and the IOP control level. Both well-functioning and failed trabeculectomies could be identified by UBM. The UBM images of eyes with good IOP control are characterized by better visibility of the route under the scleral flap and a low reflectivity inside the bleb. Conclusions: In accordance with previous studies, we believe that UBM can be a useful method to study and explain the mechanisms of filtering structures and, together with IOP control, to evaluate the bleb function.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          OPH
          Ophthalmologica
          10.1159/issn.0030-3755
          Ophthalmologica
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6740-4
          978-3-318-00339-0
          0030-3755
          1423-0267
          1998
          July 1998
          28 August 1998
          : 212
          : Suppl 1
          : 17-21
          Affiliations
          Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Catania,Catania,Italy
          Article
          55414 Ophthalmologica 1998;212(suppl 1):17–21
          10.1159/000055414
          9730740
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 13, Pages: 5
          Categories
          UBM

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