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      Evaluation and associated factors of the responses to public health emergencies among college students in Shandong Province

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          Abstract

          Objective To evaluate response to public health emergencies in colleges and universities and associated factors, and to provide references for emergency response mechanisms in colleges.

          Methods Using stratified random sampling, recruited 7 719 students in 6 universities in Shandong Province during April-May 2020, and analyzed the data with SPSS 25.0 software.

          Results About 65.5% of college students reported response to public health emergencies in their college, 67.7% of the students reported that colleges have emergency plans, 53.9% of the students reported that colleges have carried out simulated emergency training, and 64.7% of the students reported that colleges have carried out health education. Evaluation from students for responding to public health emergencies in colleges and universities scored (24.15±4.59), of which measures and policies related to epidemic control were highest (4.05±0.81), while mental health education or counselling services were lowest (3.95±0.85). Gender, grade, major, type of household registration, emergency response measures, emergency response plan, emergency simulation training, health education were associated with the evaluation of the measures by college students ( t/F = 5.04, 43.83, 79.92, −3.40, 26.86, 34.83, 29.35, 35.01, P <0.01).

          Conclusion While recognizing the overall performance on public health responses in universities, college students believe certain limitations still exist; colleges and universities should continuously improve the emergency prevention and control system of public health emergencies in response to the effectiveness and deficiencies in the prevention and control process.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解山东省大学生对髙校突发公共卫生事件应对措施的评价现状及其影响因素, 为髙校完善应急处理机 制和防控工作提供参考。 方法 于2020年4一5月采用分层随机抽样方法, 在山东省6所髙校抽取7 719名大学生, 采用 自编问卷进行包括一般人口学特征, 学校采取应急处理措施、应急预案、开展应急模拟训练、开展健康教育等情况以及大学 生对髙校突发公共卫生事件应对措施的评价情况与存在问题等调査。 结果 65.5%的大学生表示在应对突发公共卫生事 件时髙校采取了应急处理措施, 67.7%表示有应急预案, 53.9%表示开展过模拟应急训练, 64.7%表示开展过健康教育, 大学 生对髙校突发公共卫生事件应对措施评价得分为(24.15±4.59)分, 其中对学校制定的有关疫情控制的措施政策评价得分 最髙, 为(4.05±0.81)分;对心理健康教育或咨询辅导等服务的评价最低, 为(3.95±0.85)分。性别、年级、专业、户口类型、学校是否采取应急处理措施、学校是否有突发应急预案、学校是否开展过应急模拟训练、学校是否开展健康教育影响大学 生对措施的评价( t/F值分别为5.04,43.83,79.92, −3.40,26.86,34.83,29.35, 35.01, P值均<0.01)。 结论 大学生对髙校总 体的防控工作表现较认可, 但认为应对措施还存在不足之处;髙校应针对防控过程中的成效与不足, 不断完善突发公共卫 生事件应急防控体系。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2021
          01 August 2021
          : 42
          : 7
          : 996-999
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Management, Weifang Medical University, Weifang (261053), Shandong Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding authors: ZHAO Min, E-mail: wfzhaom_2016@ 123456163.com ; LIN Junchang, E-mail: linjc2002@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.009
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.009
          69933ee4-2174-4865-965f-a4b571c26040
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Organization and administration,Students,Analysis of variance,Public health,Health education

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