In the past twenty years, all walks of life in our country have developed rapidly. The national economy is changing rapidly. Science and technology are advancing by leaps and bounds. China has made remarkable achievements in the public health and prevention and control of infectious diseases, especially in the field of tropical infectious diseases. Filariasis was eliminated nationwide as early as 2005. By 2017, 50% of the 450 counties where schistosomiasis is endemic had reached the threshold for elimination, and 30% had reached the threshold for transmission interruption. By the end of 2019, there had been no local primary cases of malaria for three consecutive years, meeting the target for eliminating malaria, pending confirmation by the world health organization. Leprosy and kala-azar are also well controlled. It has effectively ensured public health and social stability and made important contributions to economic development. Of course, along with the global warming, industrial pollution, population growth, the commercial development of natural epidemic foci, the extensive use of antibiotics and pesticides of many factors and obstacles, at the same time, with the advancement of "the Belt and Road" initiative in China, the rapid development of tourism and international exchanges, have also brought tropical infectious diseases prevention and control of many problems and challenges.
摘要： 近二十年来我国各行各业发展迅猛, 国民经济日新月异, 科学技术突飞猛进, 我国公共卫生和传染病防治工 作显著提升, 尤其在热带传染病防控领域成绩卓著。早在 2005 年在全国范围内就消除了丝虫病, 截至 2017 年, 全国 450 个血吸虫病流行县中, 50% 达到消除标准, 30% 达到传播阻断标准, 到 2019 年年底曾经肆虐一时的疟疾巳连续三年 无本地原发病例, 达到了消除疟疾的指标要求, 等待世界卫生组织的确认, 麻风病和黑热病也得到了很好的控制, 有效 保障了公众健康和社会稳定, 为经济发展作出了重要贡献。然而, 伴随全球气候变暖、工业污染、人口增长、自然疫源 地的商业开发、抗生素和杀虫剂大量使用等诸多因素, 同时随着中国“一带一路”倡议地不断推进、旅游业和国际交流 的快速发展, 也给热带传染病的防控带来了诸多问题和挑战。