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      Idiopathic Spontaneous Rupture of Renal Pelvis in a Single Functioning Kidney


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          Spontaneous rupture of renal pelvis (SRRP) is a rare condition resulting in an extravasation of urine into retroperitoneal space. Due to the uncharacteristic symptoms, often mimicking renal colic, its diagnosis may be complicated. Herein, we report a case of a 73-year-old male with a solitary functioning kidney who presented with malaise and right-sided abdominal pain, rapidly followed by anuria. Laboratory tests showed the signs of AKI. Contrast-enhanced CT performed soon after the admission showed nonspecific abnormalities in the right middle abdomen suspected to be either inflammatory infiltration or surgical scarring. Symptomatic treatment was started, and an acute hemodialysis treatment was commenced. After a temporal improvement, the patient’s general condition worsened significantly, with exacerbated pain and massive increase in plasma creatinine. A second contrast-enhanced CT was performed with an addition of urography phase, revealing the extravasation of the contrast media in the location suggesting the rupture of the renal pelvis. The patient was treated successfully by the placement of a double-J ureteral stent into the ureter. Usually, a clear etiology of SRRP can be determined, that is, urinary tract obstruction, but in this case, we could not find a definite cause. It is important to remember that in the presence of a nonspecific abdominal pain and laboratory signs of AKI, a rare cause like SRRP should be taken into consideration. Performing a contrast CT scan with urography phase can save time in establishing a diagnosis and enable immediate urological intervention.

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          Causes of renal forniceal rupture.

          What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Renal forniceal rupture is a common finding in patients with ureteral obstruction. It is thought to be due to increased renal pelvis pressure from backup of urine, causing one or more renal fornices to leak urine. This phenomenon has not been systematically studied. Herein we retrospectively review the causes and associated clinical findings in over 100 cases of renal forniceal rupture.
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            Spontaneous rupture of the renal pelvis due to obstruction of pelviureteric junction by renal stone: A case report and review of the literature

            Spontaneous rupture of the urinary collecting system with extravasation of the urine is a very rare condition. This situation is commonly associated with an obstructing urinary stone. Herein, we report a case of an 86-year-old patient who has admitted to the emergency service with left flank pain continuing for 7 days and pain has exacerbated in the past 24 h. The patient had nausea, vomiting, and tenderness on the left side of the abdomen and left flank region. The patient was diagnosed with an 8 mm left kidney stone a month ago, and hydration and oral analgesics were recommended to the patient. Spontaneous rupture of the renal pelvis and urinary extravasation were detected by contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan. Double-J ureteral stent was placed to control symptoms and eliminate extravasation. In this paper, diagnosis and treatment options for spontaneous renal pelvis rupture are discussed.
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              Hyponatraemic renal pseudofailure--don't forget the possibility of uroperitoneum.


                Author and article information

                Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
                S. Karger AG
                May - August 2021
                22 July 2021
                : 11
                : 2
                : 221-226
                Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
                Author information
                512588 Case Rep Nephrol Dial 2021;11:221–226
                © 2021 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel

                This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC). Usage and distribution for commercial purposes requires written permission. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                : 30 January 2020
                : 25 October 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 2, Pages: 6
                Single Case

                Cardiovascular Medicine,Nephrology
                Spontaneous rupture of renal pelvis,Single functioning kidney,Urinoma,Urine extravasation


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