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      Utilidad de la angiotomografía computarizada multidetector en patología aórtica Translated title: Usefulness of Multi-Detector Row Computed Tomography Angiography in Aortic Diseases

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          Abstract

          El propósito de esta revisión es demostrar mediante imágenes la utilidad de la angiotomografía computarizada multidetector (angio-TCMD) en el estudio de la patología aórtica. La elevada morbimortalidad de éstas exige precisión diagnóstica y rapidez al momento de evaluar al paciente con patología conocida o sospecha clínica. Una de las principales ventajas de la angio- TCMD es su carácter de no invasiva y la velocidad con la que se realiza, lo que la convierte en un método ampliamente aceptado por los pacientes. La angio-TCMD es el estándar de referencia para la evaluación de los aneurismas aórticos caracterizando su ubicación en los planos del espacio, extensión y diámetros además de las particulares de la pared. Los síndromes aórticos agudos: el aneurisma disecante, el hematoma intramural y la úlcera arteriosclerótica penetrante son de presentación clínica similar. La angio_TCMD constituye la herramienta de mayor eficacia para confirmar o descartar lesiones. Las múltiples técnicas de visualización y la posibilidad de reconstrucciones multiplanares y tridimensionales facilitan la elección del tratamiento quirúrgico o endovascular.

          Translated abstract

          The goal of the present review is to demonstrate the usefulness of multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) angiography in the evaluation of diseases of the aorta. The high morbidity and mortality associated with this condition requires a rapid diagnostic tool with diagnostic accuracy at the moment of evaluating patients with known or clinically suspected disease of the aorta. The non-invasive nature of and the rapid evaluation provided by MDCT angiography are the main advantages of the method that is widely accepted by the patients. MDCT angiography is the reference-standard method for the evaluation of aneurysms of the aorta, describing its location in the spatial planes, extension, diameters and characteristics of the aortic wall. The clinical presentation of the acute aortic syndromes - aortic dissection, intramural hematoma and penetrating aortic ulcer - is similar. MDCT angiography is a diagnostic tool with the greatest efficacy to confirm or rule out aortic lesions. The multiple visualization techniques and the possibility of multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstructions make it easy to choose between surgical or endovascular treatment.

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          Most cited references35

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          The Dissected Aorta: Percutaneous Treatment of Ischemic Complications—Principles and Results

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            Aortic dissection: diagnosis and follow up with helical CT

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              Pseudocoarctation of the aorta.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
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                Role: ND
                Journal
                rac
                Revista argentina de cardiología
                Rev. argent. cardiol.
                Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires )
                1850-3748
                June 2011
                : 79
                : 3
                : 292-299
                Article
                S1850-37482011000300033
                69cf7153-64b0-4cd6-81ca-1ac5e6b8e8c1

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Argentina

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1850-3748&lng=en
                Categories
                CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS

                Cardiovascular Medicine
                Diagnostic Imaging,Aorta,Tomography,Aneurysm,Dissection,Diagnóstico por imágenes,Tomografía,Aneurisma,Disección

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