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      Cyclic Nucleotide Hydrolysis in Bovine Aortic Endothelial Cells in Culture: Differential Regulation in Cobblestone and Spindle Phenotypes

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          Abstract

          Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) were investigated in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells having two phenotypes, cobblestone and spindle, representing, respectively, the resting and angiogenic phenotypes in vivo. Spindle cell homogenates displayed higher hydrolytic activities towards cAMP (52%) and cGMP (10-fold). These increases were due to: (1) increased number of spindle PDE isozymes in the cytosolic fraction (for cAMP: PDE1, PDE2, PDE3 and PDE4 compared to PDE2 and PDE4 in cobblestone; for cGMP: PDE2 and PDE5 compared to PDE2 in cobblestone); (2) increased spindle-specific activities of cytosolic and particulate PDE2, cytosolic PDE3 and particulate PDE4. These changes were associated with an increase in spindle transcripts: 7.5 kb PDE3A (6-fold) and 7.0 kb PDE4D (3-fold). Moreover, cAMP hydrolysis in the two phenotypes was differently regulated by 5 μ M cGMP: 60% increase in total cAMP-PDE activity in cobblestone homogenate related to PDE2 stimulation; 30% decrease in spindle homogenate related to PDE3 inhibition. This underlines the roles played by PDE2, PDE3 and PDE5 in the cross-talk involving the two cyclic nucleotides. These changes in PDE isozyme expression along with the cross-talk between cAMP and cGMP may well modulate NO production and consequently might participate in angiogenesis, making PDEs potential targets to modulate angiogenesis.

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          Most cited references 9

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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            Antiangiogenic therapy of experimental cancer does not induce acquired drug resistance.

            Acquired drug resistance is a major problem in the treatment of cancer. Of the more than 500,000 annual deaths from cancer in the United States, many follow the development of resistance to chemotherapy. The emergence of resistance depends in part on the genetic instability, heterogeneity and high mutational rate of tumour cells. In contrast, endothelial cells are genetically stable, homogeneous and have a low mutational rate. Therefore, antiangiogenic therapy directed against a tumour's endothelial cells should, in principle, induce little or no drug resistance. Endostatin, a potent angiogenesis inhibitor, was administered to mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma, T241 fibrosarcoma or B16F10 melanoma. Treatment was stopped when tumours had regressed. Tumours were then allowed to re-grow and endostatin therapy was resumed. After 6, 4 or 2 treatment cycles, respectively, no tumours recurred after discontinuation of therapy. These experiments show that drug resistance does not develop in three tumour types treated with a potent angiogenesis inhibitor. An unexpected finding is that repeated cycles of antiangiogenic therapy are followed by prolonged tumour dormancy without further therapy.
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              A cancer therapy resistant to resistance.

               R Kerbel (1997)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                JVR
                J Vasc Res
                10.1159/issn.1018-1172
                Journal of Vascular Research
                S. Karger AG
                1018-1172
                1423-0135
                2000
                August 2000
                14 August 2000
                : 37
                : 4
                : 235-249
                Affiliations
                UMR CNRS 7034, Pharmacologie et Physico-Chimie des Interactions Cellulaires et Moléculaires, Université Louis-Pasteur de Strasbourg, France
                Article
                25738 J Vasc Res 2000;37:235–249
                10.1159/000025738
                10965223
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 9, Tables: 1, References: 81, Pages: 15
                Categories
                Research Paper

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