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      Central Adrenergic Suppression Augments the Insulin and Glucagon Secretory, and the Glycogenolytic Responses in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats

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          Abstract

          It has been suggested that the increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system and the resultant increase in the tissue catecholamine levels contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes. In this study we evaluated the effect of clonidine, a central adrenergic agonist that decreases sympathetic tone, on the serum levels of glucose, insulin, glucagon and norepinephrine and on the hepatic glycogen content in normal and streptozotocin-diabetic rats. The animals were treated with clonidine 25 µg/kg/day interperitoneally for 3 weeks to suppress the central adrenergic impulses. Clonidine treatment significantly increased the weight gain, but did not affect plasma glucose, insulin, glucagon and norepinephrine in the diabetic animals. Pancreatic insulin and liver glycogen contents were significantly higher in the clonidine-treated than in the untreated diabetic rats. However, clonidine did not affect pancreatic insulin and liver glycogen content of nondiabetic animals. The intravenous administration of glucagon increased plasma glucose in the clonidine-treated, but not in the saline-treated diabetic rats. Insulin-induced hypoglycemia significantly enhanced glucagon release in clonidine-treated but not in saline-treated diabetic rats. We conclude that the suppression of central adrenergic activity may ameliorate the effects of insulin insufficiency on pancreatic hormone secretion and hepatic glycogen content.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          10.1159/issn.0018-5051
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          0018-5051
          2571-6603
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 36
          : 1-2
          : 80-85
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Mich., USA
          Article
          182117 Horm Res 1991;36:80–85
          10.1159/000182117
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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