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      Vasodilation Induced by Acetylcholine and by Glyceryl Trinitrate in Rat Aortic and Mesenteric Vasculature

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          Abstract

          In endothelium-containing rings of rat aorta which had been precontracted with phenylephrine, addition of acetylcholine (ACh) (0.010-10 µ M)resulted in concentration-dependent, graded relaxation through the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). Hemoglobin (3 and 10 µ M) and methylene blue (10 µ M)both produced marked inhibition of this EDRF-mediated relaxation. In the perfused mesenteric arterial vasculature of the rat, ACh-induced vasodilation was also inhibited by hemoglobin and by methylene blue, although to a lesser extent than was ACh-induced relaxation of aortic rings by these two agents. These findings indicate that EDRF mediates in large part ACh-induced relaxation of resistance vessels in the mesenteric vascular bed as well as large arteries. The nitrovasodilator glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) caused endothelium-independent relaxation of aortic rings as well as vasodilation of mesenteric arterial vasculature. GTN-induced relaxation of aortic rings was antagonized by hemoglobin as well as methylene blue, but to a lesser extent than was ACh-induced relaxation. However, hemoglobin did not inhibit and methylene blue actually potentiated GTN-induced vasodilation in the perfused mesenteric vasculature. Possible explanations of these paradoxical results are discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1992
          1992
          23 September 2008
          : 29
          : 1
          : 20-28
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, SUNY Health Sciences Center at Brooklyn, N.Y., USA
          Article
          158927 J Vasc Res 1992;29:20–28
          10.1159/000158927
          1554863
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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