The usage of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in the treatment of heart failure (HF) has shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, majority of the HF patients do not receive GDMT or do not achieve the target dose. Literature has shown that the patients who are managed in HF clinics receive GDMT and target doses of disease-modifying drugs (DMD) when compared to those treated in other general cardiology outpatient departments (OPD’s). It was a retrospective hospital-based study in which patients treated in HF clinic and other cardiology OPD in the year of 2017 were included (200 patients in each arm). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of heart failure clinics in medication therapy management including usage of guideline-directed medical therapy, if target dose specified by the guideline is achieved and time to reach target dose in comparison to other general cardiology OPD’s. IRB and IEC approval were obtained before the commencement of the study. Data relevant to the study were obtained from the electronic medical record (EMR) and were compared between the study groups to see for the adherence to guideline and achievement of target doses. Data storage and analysis were performed using SPSS Version 24. A significance level of 5% was used.
The usage of GDMT was higher in HF clinic when compared to other cardiology OPD (81% vs 55%, P = 0.001). A significantly higher number of patients in HF clinic achieved target dose when compared to other cardiology OPD (58% vs 29% -betablockers, 45% vs 9% -ACEI/ARB/ARNI, P = 0.000). Moreover, the number of eligible patients receiving DMD was found to be higher in HF clinic (98% vs 85% -betablockers, 69% vs 44% -ACEI/ARB/ARNI, 76% vs 44% -MRA). Also, the patients in HF clinic attained the target doses faster when compared to other cardiology OPD. In addition, there was better improvement in ejection fraction, as well as decreased rate of rehospitalisation and mortality in patients managed in HF clinic.