+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Validation of a Self-Report Comorbidity Questionnaire for Multiple Sclerosis

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Background/Aims: Researchers increasingly recognize the high frequency of comorbidity in multiple sclerosis (MS) and the negative impact on quality of life and disability, but little work has evaluated methods of comorbidity measurement in MS. We aimed to validate a self-report questionnaire for assessing comorbidity in MS. Methods: Patients with MS were recruited from the MS Clinic in Winnipeg, Canada and the Mellen Center (Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA) from October 2008 to 2009. Using a questionnaire, participants reported the presence or absence of 36 comorbidities, sociodemographic characteristics, and disability status. Abstractors blinded to questionnaire results collected data regarding the comorbidities of interest and their treatments. Using the medical record as the gold standard, we determined the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the questionnaire data. To measure agreement we calculated kappa (ĸ) statistics. Results: We enrolled 404 participants. Agreement between self-report and medical records was high (ĸ >0.82) for diabetes and hypertension; substantial (ĸ = 0.62–0.80) for hyperlipidemia, thyroid disease, glaucoma, and lung disease; moderate (ĸ = 0.43–0.56) for osteoporosis, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, depression, heart disease, and anxiety disorders. Agreement was slight to fair for the remaining comorbidities. Conclusions: Self-report is a valid way to capture comorbidities affecting MS patients.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 14

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Agreement between self-report questionnaires and medical record data was substantial for diabetes, hypertension, myocardial infarction and stroke but not for heart failure.

          Questionnaires are used to estimate disease burden. Agreement between questionnaire responses and a criterion standard is important for optimal disease prevalence estimates. We measured the agreement between self-reported disease and medical record diagnosis of disease. A total of 2,037 Olmsted County, Minnesota residents > or =45 years of age were randomly selected. Questionnaires asked if subjects had ever had heart failure, diabetes, hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke. Medical records were abstracted. Self-report of disease showed >90% specificity for all these diseases, but sensitivity was low for heart failure (69%) and diabetes (66%). Agreement between self-report and medical record was substantial (kappa 0.71-0.80) for diabetes, hypertension, MI, and stroke but not for heart failure (kappa 0.46). Factors associated with high total agreement by multivariate analysis were age 12 years, and zero Charlson Index score (P < .05). Questionnaire data are of greatest value in life-threatening, acute-onset diseases (e.g., MI and stroke) and chronic disorders requiring ongoing management (e.g.,diabetes and hypertension). They are more accurate in young women and better-educated subjects.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            The Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire: a new method to assess comorbidity for clinical and health services research.

            To develop the Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire (SCQ) and assess its psychometric properties, including the predictive validity of the instrument, as reflected by its association with health status and health care utilization after 1 year. A cross-sectional comparison of the SCQ with a standard, chart abstraction-based measure (Charlson Index) was conducted on 170 inpatients from medical and surgical care units. The association of the SCQ with the chart-based comorbidity instrument and health status (short form 36) was evaluated cross sectionally. The association between these measures and health status and resource utilization was assessed after 1 year. The Spearman correlation coefficient for the association between the SCQ and the Charlson Index was 0.32. After restricting each measure to include only comparable items, the correlation between measures was stronger (Spearman r = 0.55). The SCQ had modest associations with measures of resource utilization during the index admission, and with health status and resource utilization after 1 year. The SCQ has modest correlations with a widely used medical record-based comorbidity instrument, and with subsequent health status and utilization. This new measure represents an efficient method to assess comorbid conditions in clinical and health services research. It will be particularly useful in settings where medical records are unavailable.
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Comorbidity delays diagnosis and increases disability at diagnosis in MS.

              Comorbidity is common in the general population and is associated with adverse health outcomes. In multiple sclerosis (MS), it is unknown whether preexisting comorbidity affects the delay between initial symptom onset and diagnosis ("diagnostic delay") or the severity of disability at MS diagnosis. Using the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis Registry, we assessed the association between comorbidity and both the diagnostic delay and severity of disability at diagnosis. In 2006, we queried participants regarding physical and mental comorbidities, including date of diagnosis, smoking status, current height, and past and present weight. Using multivariate Cox regression, we compared the diagnostic delay between participants with and without comorbidity at diagnosis. We classified participants enrolled within 2 years of diagnosis (n = 2,375) as having mild, moderate, or severe disability using Patient Determined Disease Steps, and assessed the association of disability with comorbidity using polytomous logistic regression. The study included 8,983 participants. After multivariable adjustment for demographic and clinical characteristics, the diagnostic delay increased if obesity, smoking, or physical or mental comorbidities were present. Among participants enrolled within 2 years of diagnosis, the adjusted odds of moderate as compared to mild disability at diagnosis increased in participants with vascular comorbidity (odds ratio [OR] 1.51, 95% CI 1.12-2.05) or obesity (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.02-1.87). The odds of severe as compared with mild disability increased with musculoskeletal (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.63) or mental (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.23-2.14) comorbidity. Both diagnostic delay and disability at diagnosis are influenced by comorbidity. The mechanisms underlying these associations deserve further investigation.

                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                August 2010
                15 June 2010
                : 35
                : 2
                : 83-90
                Departments of aInternal Medicine and bCommunity Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada; cMellen Center for Treatment and Research, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
                Author notes
                *Ruth Ann Marrie, MD, PhD, Health Sciences Center, GF-533, 820 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg, MB R3A 1R9 (Canada), Tel. +1 204 787 4951, Fax +1 204 787 1486, E-Mail rmarrie@hsc.mb.ca
                311013 Neuroepidemiology 2010;35:83–90
                © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 3, References: 39, Pages: 8
                Methods in Neuroepidemiology


                Comment on this article