Objective The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma among residents in Luohu district of Shenzhen from 2001 to 2015 was analyzed to provide basis for prevention and control of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Methods Based on the monitoring data of nasopharyngeal carcinoma during 2001 to 2015, crude rates, standardized rates, cumulative rates, truncated rates were calculated, and the trend of incidence was analyzed.
Results From 2001 to 2015, the crude incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Luohu district of Shenzhen was 6.20 / 100 000, the age-standardized incidence rate by Chinese standard population (ASR china) was 7.95 / 100 000, the age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASR world) was 7.57/100 000, the cumulative rate was 0.87%, and the truncated rate was 17.02/100 000. The incidence for males was significantly higher than that for females ( P<0.05) . The mean age of onset of nasopharyngeal carcinoma was (48.34±12.70) years, the highest in the 65-<70 age group, and it began to decline after the age of 70. The crude incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma showed an increasing trend (APC=4.20%, P<0.05), and the incidence of ASR china and world did not change significantly ( P>0.05). The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the 40-<45 age group showed an increasing trend (APC= 5.23%, P<0.05), while the incidence of the other age groups showed no significant change ( P>0.05).
Conclusion The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is high in Luohu district of Shenzhen, and the incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is on the rise from 2001-2015, indicating that nasopharyngeal carcinoma is still the focus of cancer prevention and control in our district, and it is suggested to carry out targeted early diagnosis and early treatment.
摘要： 目的 分析 2001—2015 年深圳市罗湖区常住居民鼻咽癌发病情况, 为鼻咽癌防控提供依据。 方法 利用 2001—2015 年深圳市罗湖区鼻咽癌监测数据, 计算粗发病率、标化发病率、累积率、截缩率等, 并对发病率进行趋势分 析。 结果 2001—2015 年深圳市罗湖区鼻咽癌粗发病率为 6.20/10 万, 中标发病率为 7.95/10 万, 世标发病率为 7.57/10 万, 累积率为 0.87%, 截缩率为 17.02/10 万。男性发病率明显高于女性 ( P<0.05) , 发病平均年龄为 (48.34±12.70) 岁, 以 65~<70 岁年龄组最高, 70 岁以后开始下降。鼻咽癌粗发病率呈上升趋势 (APC=4.20%, P<0.05) , 中标发病率和世标发 病率变化不明显 ( P>0.05) 。40~<45 岁年龄组鼻咽癌发病率呈上升趋势 (APC=5.23%, P<0.05) , 其余各年龄组发病趋势 变化不明显 ( P>0.05) 。 结论 深圳市罗湖区鼻咽癌发病率高, 2001—2015 年粗发病率呈上升趋势, 提示鼻咽癌仍是我 区癌症防控的重点, 建议开展针对性的早诊早治工作。