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      Cancer statistics, 2019 : Cancer Statistics, 2019

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          Abstract

          Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data, available through 2015, were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data, available through 2016, were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2019, 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States. Over the past decade of data, the cancer incidence rate (2006-2015) was stable in women and declined by approximately 2% per year in men, whereas the cancer death rate (2007-2016) declined annually by 1.4% and 1.8%, respectively. The overall cancer death rate dropped continuously from 1991 to 2016 by a total of 27%, translating into approximately 2,629,200 fewer cancer deaths than would have been expected if death rates had remained at their peak. Although the racial gap in cancer mortality is slowly narrowing, socioeconomic inequalities are widening, with the most notable gaps for the most preventable cancers. For example, compared with the most affluent counties, mortality rates in the poorest counties were 2-fold higher for cervical cancer and 40% higher for male lung and liver cancers during 2012-2016. Some states are home to both the wealthiest and the poorest counties, suggesting the opportunity for more equitable dissemination of effective cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment strategies. A broader application of existing cancer control knowledge with an emphasis on disadvantaged groups would undoubtedly accelerate progress against cancer.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
          CA A Cancer J Clin
          American Cancer Society
          00079235
          January 08 2019
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Scientific Director, Surveillance Research; American Cancer Society; Atlanta GA
          [2 ]Senior Associate Scientist, Surveillance Research; American Cancer Society; Atlanta GA
          [3 ]Scientific Vice President; Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society; Atlanta GA
          Article
          10.3322/caac.21551
          30620402
          6abbf59b-bf3c-4e6b-a857-4480f88e1ccb
          © 2019

          http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

          http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor


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