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      Associations of Socio-demographic, Family, and Neighborhood Factors with Physical Activity-Related Parenting Practices Among Hong Kong Preschoolers' Parents.

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          Abstract

          Objectives Regular engagement in physical activity (PA) has numerous health benefits in young children. Young children's parents can influence their children's PA behavior through different PA-related parenting practices. This cross-sectional study examined the independent contributions of socio-demographic, family/home and parent-perceived neighborhood environmental characteristics explaining PA-related parenting practices encouraging or discouraging PA among Hong Kong preschool-aged children (3-5 years-old). Methods Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers' parents were recruited from pre-selected kindergartens and Maternal and Child Health Centers located in areas stratified by residential density and socio-economic status. They self-completed socio-demographic, family/home and perceived neighborhood characteristics and PA-related parenting practices questionnaires. Generalized linear models were used to examine associations of socio-demographic, family/home and neighborhood variables with PA-related parenting practices. Results Socio-demographic and family/home characteristics were significantly correlated with parenting practices encouraging and discouraging PA. Parent-perceived neighborhood characteristics were significantly correlated with parenting practices discouraging PA only. Conclusions for Practice This study identified correlates of PA-related parenting practices among parents of Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers. The findings suggest future PA-promoting interventions among Chinese preschoolers via the promotion of parenting practices encouraging children's PA should consider multiple factors, including family relationships and childcare sharing, promotion of PA and its benefits among parents, and neighborhood social cohesion, traffic safety and safety from crime.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Matern Child Health J
          Maternal and child health journal
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1573-6628
          1092-7875
          May 2019
          : 23
          : 5
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
          [2 ] Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia. ecerin@hku.hk.
          [3 ] School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. ecerin@hku.hk.
          [4 ] Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.
          [5 ] Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China.
          [6 ] Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
          Article
          10.1007/s10995-018-2689-5
          10.1007/s10995-018-2689-5
          30600509
          6b103528-8f99-4bf2-b59f-a69137daa14e

          Neighborhood environment,Family,Chinese,Parenting practices,Socio-demographics

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