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      Effects of historic and projected climate change on the range and impacts of an emerging wildlife disease

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              Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota.

              Infectious diseases can cause rapid population declines or species extinctions. Many pathogens of terrestrial and marine taxa are sensitive to temperature, rainfall, and humidity, creating synergisms that could affect biodiversity. Climate warming can increase pathogen development and survival rates, disease transmission, and host susceptibility. Although most host-parasite systems are predicted to experience more frequent or severe disease impacts with warming, a subset of pathogens might decline with warming, releasing hosts from disease. Recently, changes in El Niño-Southern Oscillation events have had a detectable influence on marine and terrestrial pathogens, including coral diseases, oyster pathogens, crop pathogens, Rift Valley fever, and human cholera. To improve our ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Global Change Biology
                Glob Change Biol
                Wiley
                1354-1013
                1365-2486
                May 09 2019
                May 09 2019
                Affiliations
                [1 ]UCL Genetics Institute London United Kingdom
                [2 ]Institute of Zoology Zoological Society of London London United Kingdom
                [3 ]School of Biological and Marine Sciences University of Plymouth Devon United Kingdom
                [4 ]Queen Mary University of London London United Kingdom
                Article
                10.1111/gcb.14651
                31074105
                © 2019

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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