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      Relative deprivation: a theoretical and meta-analytic review.

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          Abstract

          Relative deprivation (RD) is the judgment that one is worse off compared to some standard accompanied by feelings of anger and resentment. Social scientists use RD to predict a wide range of significant outcome variables: collective action, individual achievement and deviance, intergroup attitudes, and physical and mental health. But the results are often weak and inconsistent. The authors draw on a theoretical and meta-analytic review (210 studies composing 293 independent samples, 421 tests, and 186,073 respondents) to present a model that integrates group and individual RD. RD measures that (a) include justice-related affect, (b) match the outcome level of analysis, and (c) use higher quality measures yield significantly stronger relationships. Future research should focus on appropriate RD measurement, angry resentment, and the inclusion of theoretically relevant situational appraisals. Such methodological improvements would revitalize RD as a useful social psychological predictor of a wide range of important individual and social processes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Pers Soc Psychol Rev
          Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
          1532-7957
          1532-7957
          Aug 2012
          : 16
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Sonoma State University of California, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA. smithh@sonoma.edu
          Article
          1088868311430825
          10.1177/1088868311430825
          22194251
          6b5d4bfc-a5e2-47f1-ba5b-13a8fe656bb7

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