Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of lncRNA-pvt1 in the pathogenesis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods The expression of lncRNA-pvt1 in bone marrow tissues of ALL patients after initial diagnosis and complete remission was detected by RT-PCR to explore its possible involvement in the pathogenesis of ALL. The proliferation and apoptosis of Jurkat cells transfected with lncRNA-pvt1 were observed by MTT and flow cytometry. Results lncRNA-pvt1 expression was upregulated in bone marrow of ALL patients. Knockdown of lncRNA-pvt1 inhibited Jurkat cell proliferation and increased its apoptosis rate. Conclusion Silencing lncRNA-pvt1 expression can inhibit the development of ALL.