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      Replenishing the Spiritual Needs in Patients with Infaust Prognosis in Praguean and the Central Bohemian Region´s Hospitals (Research Note)

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      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          Objective: The aim of our research was to determine the current situation at Praguean hospitals and hospitals of the Central Bohemia Region regarding the replenishing of spiritual needs in patients with infaust (unfavorable) prognosis. Design: Pilot study. Participants: The criteria for selection of respondents were age (people over the age of 65), diagnosed with chronic disease with complications, infaust prognosis of their health condition and hospitalization in a healthcare facility in Prague and the Central Bohemia Region. Methods: Investigation and evaluation of the current situation regarding this research problem was conducted using the FICA questionnaire, a tool of spiritual assessment that helps to discover personal spiritual history and provides guidelines for pastoral care in clinical practice. The research was conducted in hospitals in Prague and the Central Bohemia Region. Results: During the research, we identified that the satisfaction of spiritual needs is at an insufficient level, and this deficit leads to a deterioration of the mental state of the patients. Conclusion: In line with the research, the authors describe the appropriate forms of spiritual care that can be provided in the context of health care.

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          Measurement of the pressure dependence of air fluorescence emission induced by electrons

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            Doctor-patient communication and cancer patients' quality of life and satisfaction.

            In this study, the relationship between (a) doctor's and patients' communication and (b) doctors' patient-centredness during the oncological consultation and patients' quality of life and satisfaction was examined. Consultations of 96 consecutive cancer patients were recorded and content analysed by means of the Roter Interaction Analysis System. Data collection (mailed questionnaires) took place after 1 week and after 3 months. Oncologists' behaviours were unrelated to patients' quality of life. Their socio-emotional behaviours related to both patients' visit-specific and global satisfaction. Patients' behaviour related to both patient outcomes although mostly to satisfaction. Multiple regression analyses showed that patients' quality of life and satisfaction were most clearly predicted by the affective quality of the consultation. Surprisingly, oncologists' patient-centredness was negatively related to patients' global satisfaction after 3 months. In summary, doctor-patient communication during the oncological consultation is related to patients' quality of life and satisfaction. The affective quality of the consultation seems to be the most important factor in determining these outcomes.
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              Religion, spirituality and cancer: current status and methodological challenges.

              The role of religion and spirituality in health has received increasing attention in the scientific and lay literature. While the scientific attention to this issue has expanded, there continue to be methodological and measurement concerns that often prevent firm conclusions about health and adjustment benefits. Limited attention has been provided to the role of spirituality and religion in cancer. This is true when both disease outcome and adjustment are considered. A recent 'levels of evidence' review examining the link between physical health and religion or spirituality found little overall support for the hypotheses that religion or spirituality impact cancer progression or mortality. Studies examining their impact on quality of life and adjustment are decidedly mixed. In sum, research specifically focusing on the role of religion or spirituality on cancer outcomes has been surprisingly sparse. Such research presents a number of methodological and measurement challenges. Due to these unmet challenges in the literature to date, it is premature to determine what role religion and spirituality play in disease, adjustment, or quality of life outcomes in cancer. A number of suggestions are made for continued research in this area.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
                CSWHI
                Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
                2222386X
                20769741
                December 28 2017
                December 28 2017
                : 8
                : 4
                : 79-85
                Article
                10.22359/cswhi_8_4_10
                © 2017

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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