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      Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide in Healthy and Atheromatous Human Epicardial Coronary Arteries

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          Abstract

          To examine the possible role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the control of human coronary vascular tone, we have investigated the action of this peptide in healthy and atheromatous human epicardial coronary arteries and localised [<sup>125</sup>I]CGRP-binding sites in these vessels. Isolated arteries were obtained from 10 cardiomyopathic patients and 6 patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), who were undergoing heart transplantation. CGRP elicited concentration-dependent vasodilatation in preconstricted vessels. Both healthy and diseased coronary arteries exhibited similar maximum responses and sensitivity to this peptide. Removal of the endothelium did not diminish the vasodilator action of CGRP in non-atherosclerotic coronary arteries. [<sup>125</sup>I]CGRP bound to tissue sections in a concentration-dependent manner. Binding was similar in healthy and atheromatous vessels, with a B<sub>max</sub> value of 10.2 ± 5.6 and 18.9 ± 3.0 amol/mg protein, and dissociation constant (K<sub>d</sub>) of 0.07 ± 0.1 and 0.18 ± 0.1 n M, respectively. Dense [<sup>125</sup>I]CGRP binding was mainly associated with vascular smooth muscle cells of both normal and diseased vessels with some patches of binding to regions of atherosclerotic plaque in vessels from patients with IHD. These data indicate that CGRP is a potent endothelium-independent vasodilator in the human coronary vasculature. The preservation of dilator function and CGRP receptor binding in atherosclerotic coronary arteries suggests that this peptide may play a role in the control or maintenance of vascular tone in certain disease states.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 2
          : 93-99
          Affiliations
          Department of Surgery, National Heart and Lung Institute, Heart Science Centre, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, UK
          Article
          159081 J Vasc Res 1995;32:93–99
          10.1159/000159081
          7734661
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Research Paper

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